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Evaluating the impacts and benefits of public transport design and operational measures
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0089-6543
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4506-0459
2016 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Design and operational measures are designed and implemented to improve public transport performance and level-of-service. In the case of urban bus systems, priority, operational and control measures are aimed to elevate bus services to buses with high level of service (BHLS). Even though there is an explosive growth in design and operational measures implementation and growing research interest in investigating their impact on performance indicators, there is lack of a systematic evaluation of their benefits. We present an evaluation framework and a detail sequence of steps for quantifying the impacts of public transport design and operational measures. The effects of service performance on travel times and costs are assessed by accounting for relations between reliability and waiting times, crowding and perceived travel times, and vehicle scheduling and operational costs. The evaluation integrates the implications of reliability on generalized passenger travel costs and operational costs. We deploy the proposed evaluation framework to a field experiment in Stockholm where a series of measures were implemented on the busiest bus line. The results suggest that the total passenger and operator benefits amount to 36.8 million Swedish crowns on an annual basis. The overall assessment of the impacts of design and operational measures enables the comparison of different implementations, assess their effectiveness, prioritize alternative measures and provide a sound basis for motivating investments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183292DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.02.015ISI: 000374621700011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84959328062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-183292DiVA: diva2:909430
Note

QC 20160316

Available from: 2016-03-07 Created: 2016-03-07 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Fadaei, MasoudCats, Oded
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