Site specificity in advanced dose assessment modeling
2015 (English)In: 15th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference 2015, IHLRWM 2015, American Nuclear Society, 2015, 447-454 p.Conference paper (Refereed)Text
Final disposal of high-level radioactive waste is not straightforward. The aim is to isolate the waste from the biosphere over timescales that are long compared to recorded human history. Aside from the complex engineering requirement there is a highly sensitive legal requirement, embodied in the national regulatory framework relevant to the disposing organization, to provide a proportionately detailed assessment of the potential radiological impact of the disposal system on the health of future generations. Siting, construction and disposal is an iterative process. It starts with site selection, at early stages generic interpretations are appropriate. At later stages-e.g., construction licensing-the proponent must show a detailed understanding of the repository design, construction and potential radiological impact of any release to the human environment in the biosphere. Taking the example of the Swedish Nuclear Waste Management Company's 2011 license application for the construction of a spent fuel repository on the Baltic Coast of east-central Sweden, this paper looks at the role played by the incorporation of site-specific details in the dose assessment modeling that support the review of the license application. Implications of lessons learned in the Swedish context are extended to the international waste disposal community.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Nuclear Society, 2015. 447-454 p.
Biospherics, Laws and legislation, Radioactive wastes, Radioactivity, Site selection, Spent fuels, Waste disposal, Waste management, Complex engineering, Future generations, High level radioactive wastes, Legal requirements, License applications, Radiological impacts, Regulatory frameworks, Spent fuel repositories, Radioactive waste disposal
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181564ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84945279757ISBN: 9781510808102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181564DiVA: diva2:911266
15th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, IHLRWM 2015, 12 April 2015 through 16 April 2015
QC 201603112016-03-112016-02-022016-03-11Bibliographically approved