Visible light photocatalysis of mixed phase zinc stannate/zinc oxide nanostructures precipitated at room temperature in aqueous media
2014 (English)In: Ceramics International, Vol. 40, no 6, 8743-8752 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aqueous synthesis was used to obtain zinc stannate (ZTO) nanoparticles by precipitation at room temperature. Pourbaix diagrams were employed to formulate the precipitation reactions and synthesis process. Solution pH was controlled during the synthesis process as a major variable. The synthesized ZTO particles showed good photocatalytic activity under UV light irradiation. In order to improve visible light photocatalytic activity of ZTO nanoparticles, mixed phase zinc stannate/zinc oxide (ZnO) composites were prepared by co-precipitation at room temperature. Effects of precursor concentrations on the size and morphology of the obtained particles are reported. The composite ZTO/ZnO showed better photodegradation under visible light irradiation compared to ZTO and ZnO nanoparticles with methylene blue (MB) as a test chemical contaminant. Experiments were designed to elaborate on the active species for photocatalytic degradation of the dye and are reported here. Benzoquinone (BQ) was found to be the most effective scavenger, reducing the photodegradation considerably, indicating that O2-• plays a major role in MB degradation since 50% reduction in photocatalytic activity was observed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 40, no 6, 8743-8752 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175189DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.01.094ISI: 000335201800137ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84897455483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-175189DiVA: diva2:914262
QC 201604142016-03-232015-10-102016-04-14Bibliographically approved