Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Addition of low concentrations of an ionic liquid to a base oil reduces friction over multiple length scales: a combined nano- and macrotribology investigation
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 18, no 9, 6541-6547 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The efficacy of ionic liquids (ILs) as lubricant additives to a model base oil has been probed at the nanoscale and macroscale as a function of IL concentration using the same materials. Silica surfaces lubricated with mixtures of the IL trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate and hexadecane are probed using atomic force microscopy (AFM) (nanoscale) and ball-on-disc tribometer (macroscale). At both length scales the pure IL is a much more effective lubricant than hexadecane. At the nanoscale, 2.0 mol% IL (and above) in hexadecane lubricates the silica as well as the pure IL due to the formation of a robust IL boundary layer that separates the sliding surfaces. At the macroscale the lubrication is highly load dependent; at low loads all the mixtures lubricate as effectively as the pure IL, whereas at higher loads rather high concentrations are required to provide IL like lubrication. Wear is also pronounced at high loads, for all cases except the pure IL, and a tribofilm is formed. Together, the nano- and macroscales results reveal that the IL is an effective lubricant additive - it reduces friction - in both the boundary regime at the nanoscale and mixed regime at the macroscale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016. Vol. 18, no 9, 6541-6547 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184020DOI: 10.1039/c5cp07061aISI: 000371139400020PubMedID: 26865399ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84959225049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184020DiVA: diva2:914507
Note

QC 20160324

Available from: 2016-03-24 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-03-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rutland, Mark W.
By organisation
Surface and Corrosion Science
In the same journal
Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP
Chemical SciencesPhysical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 22 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link