Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy diffusion laws in the presence of moving nanodomains
2016 (English)In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 49, no 11, 114002Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
It has been shown by means of simulations that spot variation fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (sv-FCS) can be used for the identification and, to some extent, also characterization of immobile lipid nanodomains in model as well as cellular plasma membranes. However, in these simulations, the nanodomains were assumed to be stationary, whereas they actually tend to move like the surrounding lipids. In the present study, we investigated how such domain movement influences the diffusion time/spot-size dependence observed in FCS experiments, usually referred to as 'diffusion law' analysis. We show that domain movement might mask the effects of the 'anomalous' diffusion characteristics of membrane lipids or proteins predicted for stationary domains, making it difficult to identify such moving nanodomains by sv-FCS. More specifically, our simulations indicate that (i) for domains moving up to a factor of 2.25 slower than the surrounding lipids, such impeded diffusion cannot be observed and the diffusion behaviour of the proteins or lipids is indistinguishable from that of freely diffusing molecules, i.e. nanodomains are not detected; (ii) impeded protein/lipid diffusion behaviour can be observed in experiments where the radii of the detection volume are similar in size to the domain radii, the domain diffusion is about 10 times slower than that of the lipids, and the probes show a high affinity to the domains; and (iii) presence of nanodomains can only be reliably detected by diffraction limited sv-FCS when the domains move very slowly (about 200 times slower than the lipid diffusion). As nanodomains are expected to be in the range of tens of nanometres and most probes show low affinities to such domains, sv-FCS is limited to stationary domains and/or STED-FCS. However, even for that latter technique, diffusing domains smaller than 50 nm in radius are hardly detectable by FCS diffusion time/spot-size dependencies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2016. Vol. 49, no 11, 114002
FCS, lipid nanodomains, anomalous diffusion, STED, spot-variation FCS
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184015DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/49/11/114002ISI: 000371007100003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84960096929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184015DiVA: diva2:914568
QC 201603242016-03-242016-03-222016-03-24Bibliographically approved