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Heterogeneous Innovation and Labour Mobility
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). (Entrepreneurship and innovation)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8958-7554
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Knowledge is a necessary and critically important factor in generating growth and increased prosperity. The extent to which such effects are materialized depends however on its diffusion and how it transcends into innovation, entrepreneurship and growing firms. This doctoral thesis consists of four papers that examine how labor mobility and innovation strategies influence the performance at the firm level with respect to new ventures, firm level growth and innovativeness.

 

The first paper provides empirical support of the validity of the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship by employing a detailed database. The results indicate that both inter-regional labor inflows and intra-regional labor mobility exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship, while inter-regional outflows negatively affect entrepreneurial entry.

 

The second paper examines the influence of the labor mobility of knowledge workers on innovation at the firm level. New evidence are provided that reveals a positive and significant impact of labor mobility on firms’ innovations measured as patent applications.

 

In the third paper the influence of labor mobility between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and other firms on innovation is investigated. Looking at firms having different owner structures, empirical evidence are provided that particularly domestically owned MNEs generate strong knowledge spillovers to non-MNEs that translates into innovations.

 

The fourth paper examines the relationship between innovation and firm growth. We implement a classification of innovations based on whether they are explorative or exploitative. The more radical explorative innovations are shown to have a persistent growth effect in the long term, while exploitative innovation increases the labor demand predominantly in the short term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , iv , 11 p.
Series
TRITA-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2016:03
Keyword [en]
labor mobility, knowledge spillover, organizational learning, entrepreneurship, heterogeneous innovation
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184120ISBN: 978-91-7595-913-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184120DiVA: diva2:914880
Public defence
2016-04-22, E3, Osquars backe, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 17:44 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160401

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-03-27 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Labour as a knowledge carrier: how increased mobilityinfluences entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour as a knowledge carrier: how increased mobilityinfluences entrepreneurship
2015 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 41, no 6, 1308-1326 p.Article in journal (Refereed) [Artistic work] Published
Abstract [en]

According to the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship (KSTE), entrepreneurship is positively associated with the knowledge endowment level. An increase in knowledge expands the opportunity set, which is then exploited by heterogeneous entrepreneurs. The objective of this paper is to empirically test the validity of the KSTE by employing a detailed database comprising more than 19 million observations for the period 2001–2008 at the level of individuals, firms and regions in Sweden. Knowledge is claimed to be partly embodied in labour, implying that an increase in labour mobility can be expected to influence knowledge endowment at the regional level. Our dependent variable is an individual who has remained in a region throughout the time period considered. Controlling for a number of other variables, inter-regional labour inflows and intra-regional mobility levels are shown to exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship. This contrasts with inter-regional outflows, which negatively affect entrepreneurial entry. Another noteworthy result is that the probability of exploiting an increased knowledge stock through entrepreneurship increases by 15 % points if the individual has previous experience in starting a firm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2015
Keyword
Entrepreneurship Knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship Knowledge diffusion Labour mobility
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183995 (URN)10.1007/s10961-015-9452-5 (DOI)000387231700004 ()
Note

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
2. Does Labour Mobility Foster Innovation?: Evidence from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Labour Mobility Foster Innovation?: Evidence from Sweden
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

By utilising a Swedish unique, matched employer-employee dataset that has been pooled with firm-level patent application data, we provide new evidence that knowledge workers’ mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on firm innovation output, as measured by firm patent applications. The effect is particularly strong for knowledge workers that have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect), but firms losing a knowledge worker are also shown to benefit (the diaspora effect), albeit more weakly. Finally, the effect is more pronounced when the joining worker originates in another region.

Keyword
Labour mobility; knowledge diffusion; innovation; social networks
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183998 (URN)
Conference
15th International Conference of the International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society (ISS)
Note

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-04-01Bibliographically approved
3. Learning from Multinational Enterprises:Knowledge flows through labour mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning from Multinational Enterprises:Knowledge flows through labour mobility
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Labour mobility is one mechanism through which technology and innovation frommultinational enterprises (MNEs) may be transferred to non-multinational enterprises(non-MNEs). Previous research has predominantly focused on such transfers as MNEsfrom developed economies have located to less developed countries. The objective of thispaper is to investigate how labour mobility between MNEs and other firms in a developedeconomy impacts innovation. Using employer-employee panel data on Swedish firms overa 10-year period, we find empirical evidence that spillover through hiring workerspreviously employed at MNEs, particularly domestically owned MNEs, stimulatesinnovations, as measured by patent applications.

Keyword
Multinational enterprise; labour mobility; knowledge spillover
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184166 (URN)
Conference
The Chinese Economist Society 2015 annual conference,2015-06-13-2015-12-15Chongqing University, China
Note

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-03-29 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved
4. Does Innovation Lead to Firm Growth?: Explorative versus Exploitative Innovations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Innovation Lead to Firm Growth?: Explorative versus Exploitative Innovations
2016 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine the relationship between innovation and firm growth. Weimplement a classification of innovations based on whether they are explorative orexploitative, taking advantage of a unique Swedish dataset for the period 1997 to 2012.The data allow us to construct each firm’s innovation history. Panel regression estimations,together with an instrumental variable method, confirm a significant and positive effect ofboth exploitative and explorative innovation on firms’ employment growth. More radicalexplorative innovations are shown to have a more persistent growth effect, whereasexploitative innovation increases labour demand in the short run. We also provideempirical findings regarding the effect of innovations distributed on size classes anddifferent ownership structures.

Keyword
Innovation, firm growth, exploration innovation, exploitation innovation
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184167 (URN)
Note

QS 2016

Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-03-29 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved

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