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A comparison between two techniques for including the influence of progressive sliding failure in structural reliability analyses of concrete dams
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4555-0471
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8152-6092
2014 (Swedish)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The shear strength of concrete-rock interfaces, used in reliability-based analyses of sliding stability of concrete dams, is commonly quantified using a simplified version of the Mohr-Coulomb shear strength criterion. This criterion is based on the assumption of a mean value driven process occurring according to the requirements imposed by perfectly-plastic failure theory. However, tests on cores with bonded interfaces exhibit semi-brittle post-peak behavior, which in combination with a possible spatial variation in cohesion implies that a progressive failure mechanism is a more correct description of the interface behavior. This has to be considered in sliding stability analyses in order to avoid overestimation of dam safety. Uncertainties between model and real behavior like the one described above can be taken into account by introducing a random variable representative of the specific uncertainty into the limit state function. A drawback with this technique is that the real shear strength of the interface is difficult to define since physical observations are not easy to acquire. Krounis and Johansson (2014), therefore, used a technique where numerical analyses were used in order to estimate the real behavior. The technique requires several numerical calculations and is extremely time-consuming. Another, less time-consuming, technique was used by Westberg Wilde and Johansson (2013). In their work, the progressive failure of the bonded interface was taken into account by simulating new distribution parameters for cohesion. This was done by means of an analytical procedure where the cohesive strength of the interface was considered to behave as a brittle parallel system. The stress state of the interface, however, was not considered, which may have significantly affected the results of the analyses. In this paper, a comparison between these two techniques for a hypothetical dam monolith is made in order to study the magnitude of the possible discrepancy between the two techniques. The benefits and limitations of each method are also discussed based on the results of the analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Society for Rock Mechanics , 2014.
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184137ISBN: 978-4-907430-03-0OAI: diva2:914962
ISRM International Symposium-8th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium. International Society for Rock Mechanics

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-28 Created: 2016-03-28 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sliding stability re-assessment of concrete dams with bonded concrete-rock interfaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sliding stability re-assessment of concrete dams with bonded concrete-rock interfaces
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The shear strength of the concrete-rock interface is an important parameter in sliding stability analyses of concrete dams founded on rock and depends, in addition to the normal stress state, on the bonding conditions of the interface; concrete-rock interfaces can be either unbonded, partially bonded or fully bonded.

In the Swedish guidelines for dam safety all dam-foundation contacts are treated as unbonded. This has the benefit of eliminating all uncertainties related to the cohesive strength of bonded contacts but it might also lead to unnecessary strengthening of dams. Other national guidelines deal with the uncertainties related to cohesion by applying higher safety factors, mainly determined based on previous experience, when both cohesion and friction are taken into account.

The main objective of this project is to study if and how cohesion can be included when evaluating the shear strength of bonded or partially bonded interfaces. To accomplish this, uncertainties associated with cohesion are identified and their influence on the assessed stability is investigated.

The results show that the influence on the assessed sliding stability is strongly dependent on the magnitude of the involved uncertainties that might vary significantly for different dams. It is thus questionable if one safety factor applicable for all dams can be established for use in deterministic analyses.

Taking into account cohesion when reliability methods are used is somewhat less complicated because of the possibility of directly incorporating the uncertainties in the analysis. The main challenge in such cases is the quantification of the involved uncertainties due to lack of proper data and, in some cases, knowledge. In this thesis, a framework for quantification of parameter uncertainty is suggested and the model error due to brittle failure in combination with spatial variation in cohesion is analysed. Areas that require more research to further refine the analysis are also identified.

Abstract [sv]

Skjuvhållfastheten i betong-berggränssnittet är en avgörande faktor vid glidstabilitetsutvärderingar av befintliga betongdammar grundlagda på berg och beror dels på normalspänningsfördelningen och dels på kontaktytans status med avseende på vidhäftning, vilken kan delas in i tre separata fall; då vidhäftning existerar och kohesion medräknas (intakt), då vidhäftning aldrig funnits eller förlorats (bruten), samt en kombination av föregående (delvis intakt).

I RIDAS, de svenska riktlinjerna för dammsäkerhet, behandlas alla berg-betonggränssnitt som brutna. Detta förhållningssätt har fördelen att det utelämnar all osäkerhet förknippad med intakta kontaktytors kohesion men det kan också resultera i icke nödvändiga förstärkningar av dammar. I andra nationella riktlinjer för dammsäkerhet beaktas osäkerheterna förknippade med kohesion genom att högre säkerhetsfaktorer, i huvudsak bestämda baserat på erfarenhet, tillämpas då både kohesion och friktion används vid beräkning av kontaktytans skjuvhållfasthet.

Det övergripande syftet med detta doktorandprojekt är att studera om och hur kohesion kan medräknas vid stabilitetsutvärderingar av befintliga betongdammar med helt eller delvis intakta betong-berggränssnitt. För att uppnå detta, identifieras osäkerheter förknippande med kohesionen och deras inverkan på den bedömda glidstabiliteten utvärderas.

Resultaten från projektet visar att osäkerheternas inverkan på den uppskattade glidstabiliteten är starkt beroende av osäkerheternas storlek, vilken varierar för olika dammar. Det är således tveksamt om en säkerhetsfaktor giltig för alla dammar kan bestämmas för användning i deterministiska stabilitetsanalyser. När sannolikhetsbaserade metoder används kan osäkerheterna införlivas direkt i analysen. Kvantifieringen av osäkerheterna förknippade med ett specifikt fall utgör då den huvudsakliga utmaningen. I denna avhandling presenteras ett ramverk för att uppskatta de statistiska parametrarna hos de ingående variablerna. Dessutom studeras modellosäkerheten förknippad med intakta gränssnitts spröda brott i kombination med kohesionens rumsliga variation i detalj. Områden som fordrar ytterligare forskning i syfte att förbättra analysen identifieras också.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. xxiv, 71 p.
TRITA-JOB PHD, ISSN 1650-9501 ; 2031
concrete dams, sliding stability, cohesion, shear strength, uncertainty, bond
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Civil and Architectural Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185144 (URN)978-91-7595-907-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-04, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH campus, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)

QC 20160411

Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved

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