Capillarity and wetting of non-Newtonian droplets
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Capillarity and dynamic wetting of non-Newtonian fluids are important in many natural and industrial processes, examples cover from a daily phenomenon as splashing of a cup of yogurt to advanced technologies such as additive manufacturing. The applicable non-Newtonian fluids are usually viscoelastic compounds of polymers and solvents. Previous experiments observed diverse interesting behaviors of a polymeric droplet on a wetted substrate or in a microfluidic device. However, our understanding of how viscoelasticity affects droplet dynamics remains very limited. This work intends to shed light on viscoelastic effect on two small scale processes, i.e., the motion of a wetting contact line and droplet splitting at a bifurcation tip.
Numerical simulation is employed to reveal detailed information such as elastic stresses and interfacial flow field. A numerical model is built, combining the phase field method, computational rheology techniques and computational fluid dynamics. The system is capable for calculation of realistic circumstances such as a droplet made of aqueous solution of polymers with moderate relaxation time, impacting a partially wetting surface in ambient air.
The work is divided into three flow cases. For the flow case of bifurcation tube, the evolution of the interface and droplet dynamics are compared between viscoelastic fluids and Newtonian fluids. The splitting or non-splitting behavior influenced by elastic stresses is analyzed. For the flow case of dynamic wetting, the flow field and rheological details such as effective viscosity and normal stress difference near a moving contact line are presented. The effects of shear-thinning and elasticity on droplet spreading and receding are analyzed, under inertial and inertialess circumstances. In the last part, droplet impact of both Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids are demonstrated. For Newtonian droplets, a phase diagram is drawn to visualize different impact regions for spreading, splashing and gas entrapment. For viscoelastic droplets, the viscoelastic effects on droplet deformation, spreading radius and contact line motion are revealed and discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 50 p.
Dynamic wetting, contact line, diffusive interface, viscoelasticity, non-Newtonian, microfluidics, droplet impact, droplet spreading
Research subject Engineering Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184146ISBN: 978-91-7595-921-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184146DiVA: diva2:915139
2016-04-22, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Bonn, Daniel, Prof.
Amberg, Gustav, Prof.
QC 201603292016-03-292016-03-282016-04-02Bibliographically approved
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