Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A monthly based bore field sizing methodology with applications to optimum borehole spacing
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-9070
École Polytechnique de Montréal, Quebec, Canada.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3490-1777
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2016 (English)In: ASHRAE Transactions, ISSN 0001-2505, Vol. 122, no 1, p. 111-126, article id OR-16-009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The required length of vertical ground heat exchangers(GHX) used in ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems isdetermined so that the outlet temperature from the GHXremains within certain limits for the worst ground load condi-tions. These conditions may not necessarily occur after 10 or20 years of operation, as is usually assumed, but often occurduring the first year of operation.The primary objective of this paper is to develop a generalmethodology for the calculation of the total required bore fieldlength on a monthly basis during the first year of operationusing the framework of the ASHRAE bore field sizing method.Itisathreephaseprocess.Thefirstphaseconsistsofanalyzingandorderinggroundloadsaccordingtothefirstmonthofoper-ation.Next,afirstsetofrequiredlengthsisdeterminedbyusingthe analyzed ground load components and assuming atemperaturepenaltyTp=0.Then,aniterativeprocesstocalcu-latethetemperaturepenaltyattheendofeachmonthiscarriedout to obtain the final required length for the worst conditions.The methodology is exemplified in a particular case witha slight annual cooling thermal imbalance and with a highinfluence of the hourly peak in heating. For this particularcase, it is shown that the required bore field length occursduring the first year and that the starting month of operationhas a strong influence on the results.Finally,itisshownthatitispossibletoreducetheboreholespacing when the annual ground load is quasibalanced. In thecase studied here, the minimum length occurs for a borehole-to-borehole spacing of about 3.2 m (10.50 ft)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASHRAE , 2016. Vol. 122, no 1, p. 111-126, article id OR-16-009
Keyword [en]
borehole heat exchanger, sizing, borehole spacing
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184184Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84974846125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184184DiVA, id: diva2:915501
Note

QC 20160408

Available from: 2016-03-30 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2018-01-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Modelling and monitoring thermal response of the ground in borehole fields
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling and monitoring thermal response of the ground in borehole fields
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This Ph.D. dissertation aimed at developing tools for the evaluation of ground response in borehole fields connected in parallel through modelling and monitoring studies.

A total heat flow and a uniform borehole wall temperature condition equal in all boreholes have often been accepted when mathematically modelling the response of vertical ground heat exchangers connected in parallel. The first objective of this thesis was the development of a numerical model in which the ground controls the temperature response at the borehole wall, instead of imposing heat flow or temperature conditions at this interface. The unavoidable fluid-to- borehole wall thermal resistance and the variation of the heat flux distribution along the borehole depth violates the assumption of uniform temperature at the borehole wall. This aspect, which is often disregarded, was taken into account in this model. The results obtained from the numerical simulations are believed to come closer to reality and can be used as a reference for other approaches.

When bore field sizing, the worst ground load conditions are usually assumed to occur after several years of operation, but these may occur during the first year of operation. The second objective of this work was the development of a general sizing methodology that calculates the total required bore field length for each arbitrary month during the lifetime of the installations. The methodology was also used to investigate to what extent the borehole spacing can be reduced without increasing the total required bore field length when the ground load condition is thermally quasibalanced.

The ground source heat pump community still lacks detailed and accurately measured long-term data for validation of modelling tools. In order to partially contribute to filling this gap, the last part of this Ph.D. study focused on state of the art monitoring activities. The main goal of this part is to provide a comprehensive description of the ground thermal loads and response measurements at a large bore field, that is being monitored from the beginning of its operation. Unique data sets, showing the thermal loads and ground thermal response during extraction and injection, along with measurement error analyses are reported in the thesis. 

Abstract [sv]

I denna doktorsavhandling presenteras nya verktyg för utvärdering av berggrundens respons i geotermiska borrhålslager där borrhålen är kopplade parallellt. Avhandlingen beskriver både modellering och fältstudier.

Ett givet totalt värmeflöde och likformiga väggtemperaturer i alla borrhålen har ofta varit accepterade randvillkor vid matematisk modellering av den termiska responsen av parallellkopplade borrhålsvärmeväxlare i grupper av vertikala borrhål. Det första målet i arbetet med denna avhandling var att utveckla en numerisk modell i vilken berggrunden tillåts bestämma temperaturresponsen vid borrhålsväggen, istället för att som randvillkor ange ett visst värmeflöde eller en viss temperatur. Det ofrånkomliga värmemotståndet mellan flödet i slangen/värmeväxlaren och bergväggen och variationen i värmeflöde längs borrhålet innebär att dessa förenklade antaganden inte stämmer. Denna aspekt, som ofta förbisetts, har inkluderats i den här presenterade modellen. Resultaten som erhållits med denna numeriska modell kan förväntas vara närmare verkligheten än tidigare modeller och kan användas som referens för andra beräkningar.

Vid dimensionering av borrhålslager antas vanligen de värsta berggrundstemperaturerna inträffa efter flera års drift, men i avhandlingen visas att de värsta förhållandena kan uppstå under det första driftåret. Det andra målet med arbetet var att utveckla en generell dimensioneringsmetodik som kan användas för att beräkna den totala nödvändiga borrhålslängden för varje månad under installationens hela livslängd. Metodiken användes också för att undersöka i vilken mån borrhålsavståndet kan minskas utan att den totala borrhålslängden behöver ökas, under förutsättningen att borrhålslagret är ungefär balanserat.

Forskarsamhället saknar fortfarande detaljerade och noggrant uppmätta långtidsdata som kan användas för att validera olika modelleringsverktyg. I avsikt att i någon mån bidra till att fylla detta tomrum, innehåller den sista delen av avhandlingen beskrivningar av god teknik för utvärdering av borrhålslager.  Huvudmålet för denna del av avhandlingen är att ge en utförlig beskrivning av värmelasterna och responsmätningarna i ett stort borrhålslager som studerats sedan det först togs i bruk. Unika data rörande termiska laster och berggrundens termiska respons under värmeuttag och värmelagring, samt felanalys, presenteras i denna avhandling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 124
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2018:1
Keyword
ground temperature response, borehole heat exchanger, modelling, monitoring, sizing, bergtemperaturrespons, borrhålsvärmeväxlare, modellering, övervakning, dimensionering
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222007 (URN)978-91-7729-667-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-02-23, Sal D2, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial PlanningSwedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20180130

Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-29 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

A monthly based bore field sizing methodology with applications to optimum borehole spacing(2365 kB)150 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2365 kBChecksum SHA-512
7cf18d015d1369993421d7add7e108b66b606a2bbad7002e4d11128fb690ea346380866db9952ea7c90093f87ef302e64d85af5d38ab660e052771ad97ef9a71
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

ScopusASHRAE Transactions

Authority records BETA

Monzó, Patrcia

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Monzó, PatrciaAcuña, JoseMogensen, Palne
By organisation
Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
In the same journal
ASHRAE Transactions
Energy Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 150 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 565 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf