Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Defining the role of cognitive distance in the peer review process with an explorative study of a grant scheme in infection biology
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1292-8239
2015 (English)In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 24, 271-281 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to provide a methodology formeasurement ofcognitive distance between researchers and (2) to explorethe role of cognitive distance on the results of peer review processes. Citedreferencesand the contentof articlesare used to represent their respective scientific knowledge bases. Based on the two different approaches—Author-Bibliographic Coupling analysis andAuthor-Topic analysis—we apply the methodologyon a recent competition for grants from the Swedish Strategic Foundation.Results indicate thatcognitive distances between applicants and reviewersmight influence peer review results, but that the impact is to some extent at the unexpectedend. The main contribution of this paper is the elaborationon the relevance of the concept of cognitive distance to the issue of research evaluationingeneral, and especially in relation to peer review as a model used in grant decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2015. Vol. 24, 271-281 p.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184721DOI: 10.1093/reseval/rvv009ISI: 000358019000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184721DiVA: diva2:916727
Note

QC 20160406

Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studies in the Dynamics of Science: Exploring emergence, classification, and interdisciplinarity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studies in the Dynamics of Science: Exploring emergence, classification, and interdisciplinarity
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The dynamic nature of science is embodied in the growth of knowledge in magnitude and the transformation of knowledge in structure. More specifically, the growth in magnitude is indicated by a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications in recent decades. The transformation of knowledge occurs as the boundaries of scientific disciplines become increasingly less distinct, resulting in a complicated situation wherein disciplines and interdisciplinary research topics coexist and co-evolve. Knowledge production in such a context creates challenges for the measurement of science.This thesisaims to develop more flexible bibliometric methodologies in order to address some of the challenges to measuring science effectively. To be specific, this thesis1) proposes a new approach for identifying emerging research topics; 2) measuresthe interdisciplinarity of research topics; 3) explores the accuracy of the journal classification systems of the Web of Science and Scopus; 4) examines the role of cognitive distance in grant decisions; and 5) investigates the effect of cognitive distance between collaborators on their research output. The data used in this thesisaremainly from the in-house Web of Science and Scopus databases of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) at Leiden University. Quantitativeanalyses, in particular bibliometric analyses,are the main research methodologies employed in this thesis. Furthermore, this thesis primarily offers methodological contributions, proposing a series of approaches designed to tackle the challenges created by the dynamics of science. While the major contribution of this dissertation lies in the improvement of certain bibliometric approaches, it also enhances the understanding of the current system of science. In particular, the approaches and research findings presented here have implications for various stakeholders, including publishing organizations, bibliographic database producers, research policy makers, and research funding agencies. Indeed, these approaches could be built into a software tool and thereby be made available to researchers beyond the field of bibliometric studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. viii, 48 p.
Series
TRITA-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2016:04
Keyword
science dynamics, bibliometrics, emerging research topics, interdisciplinary research, journal classification systems, cognitive distance, research policy
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184724 (URN)978-91-7595-929-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-04-29, Sal F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160406

Available from: 2016-04-06 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2017-02-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1087 kB)59 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1087 kBChecksum SHA-512
418863567c8f2b9ebf41fa8cb6a84a331ec2ce86bb4e60f8582b29c3edd13dbfdb22ba98b47ff59f504510560d992957fea4a904d395a4476938fbf8fe189bf5
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Sandström, Ulf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wang, QiSandström, Ulf
By organisation
Sustainability and Industrial DynamicsIndustrial Economics and Management (Dept.)
In the same journal
Research Evaluation
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 59 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 68 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf