Defining the role of cognitive distance in the peer review process with an explorative study of a grant scheme in infection biology
2015 (English)In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 24, 271-281 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to provide a methodology formeasurement ofcognitive distance between researchers and (2) to explorethe role of cognitive distance on the results of peer review processes. Citedreferencesand the contentof articlesare used to represent their respective scientific knowledge bases. Based on the two different approaches—Author-Bibliographic Coupling analysis andAuthor-Topic analysis—we apply the methodologyon a recent competition for grants from the Swedish Strategic Foundation.Results indicate thatcognitive distances between applicants and reviewersmight influence peer review results, but that the impact is to some extent at the unexpectedend. The main contribution of this paper is the elaborationon the relevance of the concept of cognitive distance to the issue of research evaluationingeneral, and especially in relation to peer review as a model used in grant decisions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2015. Vol. 24, 271-281 p.
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184721DOI: 10.1093/reseval/rvv009ISI: 000358019000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184721DiVA: diva2:916727
QC 201604062016-04-042016-04-042016-04-06Bibliographically approved