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Tongue Talking: Studies in Intraoral Speech Synthesis
KTH, Superseded Departments, Speech, Music and Hearing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4532-014X
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2002. , x, 57 p.
Series
Trita-TMH, 2002:04
Keyword [en]
articulatory modeling, speech synthesis, three-dimensional tongue, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3380ISBN: 91-7283-258-9 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3380DiVA: diva2:9174
Public defence
2002-06-14, 00:00 (English)
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2002-06-12 Created: 2002-06-12 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Vocal Tract Modeling i 3D
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vocal Tract Modeling i 3D
1999 (English)In: TMH Quarterly Status and Progress Report, 31-38 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 1999
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13150 (URN)
Note
QC 20100531 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2012-01-30Bibliographically approved
2. Collecting and Analysing Two- and Three-dimensional MRI data for Swedish
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collecting and Analysing Two- and Three-dimensional MRI data for Swedish
1999 (English)In: TMH Quarterly Status and Progress Report, 11-38 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 1999 Edition: 3-4
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13151 (URN)
Note
QC 20100531 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2012-01-30Bibliographically approved
3. An MRI Study of Swedish Fricatives: Coarticulatory effects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An MRI Study of Swedish Fricatives: Coarticulatory effects
2000 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th Speech Production Seminar, 2000, 297-300 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13152 (URN)
Conference
5th Speech Production Seminar
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved
4. Dynamical Aspects of Coarticulation in Swedish Fricatives: A Combined EMA and EPG Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamical Aspects of Coarticulation in Swedish Fricatives: A Combined EMA and EPG Study
2000 (English)In: TMH Quarterly Status and Progress Report, 49-73 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

An electromagnetic articulography (EMA) system and electropalatography (EPG)have been employed to study five Swedish fricatives in different vowel contexts.Articulatory measures at the onset of, the mean value during, and at the offset ofthe fricative were used to evidence the coarticulation throughout the fricative. Thecontextual influence on these three different measurements of the fricative arecompared and contrasted to evidence how the coarticulation changes. Measureswere made for the jaw motion, lip protrusion, tongue body with EMA and linguopalatalcontact with EPG. The data from the two sources were further combinedand assessed for complementary and conflicting results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2000
National Category
Computer and Information Science General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13153 (URN)
Note
QC 20100531 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2012-01-30Bibliographically approved
5. Are Static MRI Data Representative of Dynamic Speech?: Results from a Comparative Study Using MRI, EMA, and EPG
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are Static MRI Data Representative of Dynamic Speech?: Results from a Comparative Study Using MRI, EMA, and EPG
2000 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th ICSLP, 2000, 17-20 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13154 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved
6. Combining MRI, EMA and EPG measurements in a three-dimensional tongue model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Combining MRI, EMA and EPG measurements in a three-dimensional tongue model
2003 (English)In: Speech Communication, ISSN 0167-6393, E-ISSN 1872-7182, Vol. 41, no 2-3, 303-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A three-dimensional (3D) tongue model has been developed using MR images of a reference subject producing 44 artificially sustained Swedish articulations. Based on the difference in tongue shape between the articulations and a reference, the six linear parameters jaw height, tongue body, tongue dorsum, tongue tip, tongue advance and tongue width were determined using an ordered linear factor analysis controlled by articulatory measures. The first five factors explained 88% of the tongue data variance in the midsagittal plane and 78% in the 3D analysis. The six-parameter model is able to reconstruct the modelled articulations with an overall mean reconstruction error of 0.13 cm, and it specifically handles lateral differences and asymmetries in tongue shape. In order to correct articulations that were hyperarticulated due to the artificial sustaining in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisition, the parameter values in the tongue model were readjusted based on a comparison of virtual and natural linguopalatal contact patterns, collected with electropalatography (EPG). Electromagnetic articulography (EMA) data was collected to control the kinematics of the tongue model for vowel-fricative sequences and an algorithm to handle surface contacts has been implemented, preventing the tongue from protruding through the palate and teeth.

Keyword
three-dimensional modelling, magnetic resonance imaging, electromagnetic articulography, electropalatography, linear component analysis, kinematic control, parameter tuning, boundary contact handling, SPEECH PRODUCTION, MOVEMENT, SHAPES
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13155 (URN)10.1016/S0167-6393(03)00132-2 (DOI)000184971900003 ()
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
7. Concatenative Articulatory Synthesis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Concatenative Articulatory Synthesis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13156 (URN)
Note

QS 20120326

Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2016-03-16Bibliographically approved
8. Evaluation of a System for Concatenative Articulatory Visual Synthesis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of a System for Concatenative Articulatory Visual Synthesis
2002 (English)In: Proceedings of the ICSLP, 2002Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13157 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved
9. Synthesizing Static Vowels and Dynamic Sounds Using a 3D Vocal Tract Model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesizing Static Vowels and Dynamic Sounds Using a 3D Vocal Tract Model
2001 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4th ISCA workshop on Speech Synthesis, 2001, 81-86 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13158 (URN)
Conference
ISCA workshop on Speech Synthesis
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf