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A UWB-Based Sensor-to-Time Transmitter for RF-Powered Sensing Applications
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Fudan University, China.
2016 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - II - Express Briefs, ISSN 1549-7747, E-ISSN 1558-3791, Vol. 63, no 5, 507Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An ultrawideband (UWB)-based sensor-to-time transmitter consisting of a remote control (RC) time-constant interface and an ultralow-power pulse generator is presented. The sensing information is directly extracted and transmitted in the time domain, exploiting UWB pulses with a high time-domain resolution. This approach eliminates the need for an analog-to-digital converter and baseband blocks of sensor tags; meanwhile, it reduces the number of bits to be transmitted for energy saving. The sensor interface measures the discharging time of the RC time constant proportional to the sensor variation. The UWB pulses are triggered with intervals of the RC discharging time, without any digitizing or modulations. The circuit prototype is implemented in the standard 0.18-mu m CMOS process. Resistance measurement results show that the proposed system exhibits an effective number of resolution bits (ENOB) of 7.7 bits with an average relative error of 0.42% in the range of 200-1500 Omega. The overall energy consumption of conversion and transmission per sample is measured to be 0.58 nJ with a 1.27-Vp-p pulse amplitude, which is favorable to radio-frequency-powered wireless sensing applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2016. Vol. 63, no 5, 507
Keyword [en]
RFIDs, time-domain sensing, ultra-wideband, ultra-low power, resistive sensor interface, transmitter
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185155DOI: 10.1109/TCSII.2015.2503643ISI: 000375304400019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185155DiVA: diva2:918712
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20160412

Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Radio and Sensor Interfaces for Energy-autonomous Wireless Sensing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radio and Sensor Interfaces for Energy-autonomous Wireless Sensing
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Along with rapid development of sensing and communication technology, Internet of Things (IoTs) has enabled a tremendous number of applications in health care, agriculture, and industry. As the fundamental element, the wireless sensing node, such as radio tags need to be operating under micro power level for energy autonomy. The evolution of electronics towards highly energy-efficient systems requires joint efforts in developing innovative architectures and circuit techniques. In this dissertation, we explore ultra-low power circuits and systems for micropower wireless sensing in the context of IoTs, with a special focus on radio interfaces and sensor interfaces. The system architecture of UHF/UWB asymmetric radio is introduced firstly. The active UWB radio is employed for the tag-to-reader communication while the conventional UHF radio is used to power up and inventory the tag. On the tag side, an ultra-low power, high pulse swing, and power scalable UWB transmitter is studied. On the reader side, an asymmetric UHF/UWB reader is designed. Secondly, to eliminate power-hungry frequency synthesis circuitry, an energy-efficient UWB transmitter with wireless clock harvesting is presented. The transmitter is powered by an UHF signal wirelessly and respond UWB pulses by locking-gating-amplifying the sub-harmonic of the UHF signal. 21% locking range can be achieved to prevent PVT variations with -15 dBm injected power. Finally, radio-sensing interface co-design is explored. Taking the advantage of RC readout circuit and UWB pulse generator, the sensing information is directly extracted and transmitted in the time domain, exploiting high time-domain resolution UWB pulses. It eliminates the need of ADC of the sensor interface, meanwhile, reduces the number of bits to be transmitted for energy saving. The measurement results show that the proposed system exhibits 7.7 bits ENOB with an average relative error of 0.42%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. xviii, 93 p.
Keyword
Ultra-wideband, asymmetric UHF/UWB radio, clock harvesting, time-domain sensing, energy efficiency, Internet-of-things
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184851 (URN)978-91-7595-855-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-02, Sal/hall B, Electrum, KTH-ICT, Kista, Kista, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA
Note

QC 20160412

Available from: 2016-04-12 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-04-18Bibliographically approved

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Mao, JiaZou, ZhuoZheng, Li-Rong
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