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Approaches to differential gene expression analysis in atherosclerosis
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Today’s rapid development of powerful tools for geneexpression analysis provides unprecedented resources forelucidating complex molecular events.

The objective of this workhas been to apply, combine andevaluate tools for analysis of differential gene expressionusing atherosclerosis as a model system. First, an optimisedsolid-phase protocol for representational difference analysis(RDA) was applied to twoin vitromodel systems. Initially, The RDA enrichmentprocedure was investigated by shotgun cloning and sequencing ofsuccessive difference products. In the subsequent steps,combinations of RDA and microarray analysis were used tocombine the selectivity and sensitivity of RDA with thehigh-throughput nature of microarrays. This was achieved byimmobilization of RDA clones onto microarrays dedicated forgene expression analysis in atherosclerosis as well ashybridisation of labelled RDA products onto global microarrayscontaining more than 32,000 human clones. Finally, RDA wasapplied for the investigation of the focal localisation ofatherosclerotic plaques in mice usingin vivotissue samples as starting material.

A large number of differentially expressed clones wereisolated and confirmed by real time PCR. A very diverse rangeof gene fragments was identified in the RDA products especiallywhen they were screened with global microarrays. However, themicroarray data also seem to contain some noise which is ageneral problem using microarrays and should be compensated forby careful verification of the results.

Quite a large number of candidate genes related to theatherosclerotic process were found by these studies. Inparticular several nuclear receptors with altered expression inresponse to oxidized LDL were identified and deserve furtherinvestigation. Extended functional annotation does not liewithin the scope of this thesis but raw data in the form ofnovel sequences and accession numbers of known sequences havebeen made publicly available in GenBank. Parts of the data arealso available for interactive exploration on-line through aninteractive software tool. The data generated thus constitute abase for new hypotheses to be tested in the field ofatherosclerosis.

Keywords:representational difference analysis, geneexpression profiling, microarray analysis, atherosclerosis,foam cell formation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bioteknologi , 2002. , 61 p.
Keyword [en]
representational difference analysis, gene expression profiling, microarray analysis, atherosclerosis, foam cell formation
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3400ISBN: 91-7283-342-4 (print)OAI: diva2:9196
Public defence
NR 20140805Available from: 2002-09-11 Created: 2002-09-11Bibliographically approved

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