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Turbulent airflow above a full-scale macroporous material: Boundary layer characterization and conditional statistical analysis
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials. Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Switzerland.
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2016 (English)In: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, ISSN 0894-1777, E-ISSN 1879-2286, Vol. 74, 390-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Convective drying of macroporous materials is governed by the complex interaction between airflow above and into the material, the roughness of the air material interface and the characteristics of the material pore system. In this study, we experimentally investigate this interplay in detail and at fullscale, using porous asphalt (PA) as a model material. The characteristics of the turbulent flow in the immediate vicinity of the material surface are studied with full-scale wind tunnel experiments at three flow speeds over two types of PA with different surface porosities and surface pore sizes, and are compared to similar measurements over a smooth and impermeable reference material. It is shown that, above a certain wall-normal distance, turbulence profiles can be scaled to make them independent of the flow speed. However, at low speed, the scaling breaks down due to a combination of organized turbulent structures of high intensity and a low turbulence background. No generally valid scaling applicable at all tested air speeds is found close to the surface, where drying occurs. Hence, realistic drying experiments must be performed at full scale and for the entire range of velocities of interest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 74, 390-403 p.
Keyword [en]
Turbulence, Conditional sampling, Macroporous, Porous asphalt, Wind tunnel, PIV
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185050DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2016.01.005ISI: 000371942500035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84955323874OAI: diva2:920064

QC 20160415

Available from: 2016-04-15 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Partl, Manfred N.
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Building Materials
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