Enhanced Distinction of Surface and Cavity Discharges by Trapezoid-based Arbitrary Voltage Waveforms
2016 (English)In: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 23, no 1, 435-443 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Identification of different partial discharge (PD) sources may be improved by the use of non-sinusoidal waveforms of the testing voltages. For instance, surface discharge (SD) and cavity discharge (CD) are not always easy to directly distinguish from the phase resolved PD pattern at traditional 50 or 60 Hz alternating sinusoidal voltage. This study compares PD patterns stimulated by sinusoidal voltage and by several forms of trapezoid-wave voltage, including the limiting cases of triangular and approximately square-wave voltages. Trapezoid-based voltage waveforms are considered as a potential new off-line diagnostic method for PD sources. Partial discharge measurements were performed with each different waveform in two test cells representing canonical cases of SD and CD, with polycarbonate plates as the solid insulating material. The results show that the applied voltage of arbitrary waveform could more clearly distinguish between these PD sources' behavior than normal sinusoidal voltage. The constant-voltage period of peak value in trapezoidal and square voltage waveforms played an important role in the distinction of the two discharge sources. Compared with the cavity discharge's symmetric features, surface discharge produced in the asymmetric test cell shows strong asymmetric behavior during the constant-voltage period between two polarities under trapezoidal and square voltage waveforms. A faster rise time and increased duration of the constant peak-voltage part of the waveform caused more obvious asymmetry of the surface discharge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 23, no 1, 435-443 p.
Surface discharges, cavity discharge, arbitrary testing voltages, distinction, asymmetric
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185387DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2015.005236ISI: 000372400600054ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84963839194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185387DiVA: diva2:920450
FunderSwedish Energy Agency
QC 201604182016-04-182016-04-182016-04-18Bibliographically approved