Vibration-based Assessment of Tensegrity Structures
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Vibration structural health monitoring (VHM) uses the vibration properties to evaluate many civil structures during the design steps, building steps and service life.The whole function, expressed by stiffness and frequencies of tensegrity structures are primarily related to the level of pre-stress. The present work investigates the possibilities to use this relation in designing, constructing and evaluating the tensegrity structures.One of the aims of the thesis was to improve the current models for resonance frequency simulation of tensegrities. This has been achieved by introducing the bending behaviour of all components, and by a one-way coupling between the axial force and the stiffness.The environmental temperature effects on vibration properties of tensegrity structures have been also investigated. Changes in dynamic characteristics due to temperature variations were compared with the changes due to decreasing pre-tension in one of the cables. In general, it is shown that the change in structural frequencies coming from temperature changes could of several magnitude as those from damage.Coinciding natural frequencies and low stiffness are known issues of tensegrity structures. The former can be an obstacle in VHM, while the later normally limits their uses in real engineering applications. It has been shown that the optimum self-stress vector of tensegrity structures can be chosen such that their lowest natural frequency is high, and separated from others.The environmental temperature effects on vibration properties of tensegrity structures were revisited to find a solution such that the natural frequencies of the tensegrity structures are not strongly affected by the changes in the environmental temperature. An asymmetric self-stress vector can be chosen so that the criterion is fulfilled as well as possible. The level of pre-stress can also be regulated to achieve the solution. The last part of this thesis, services as a summary of the work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 158 p.
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2016:05
Tensegrity, Pre-stress, Vibration, Health monitoring, Buckling, Temperature effect, Vibration health monitoring VHM, Optimization
Research subject Engineering Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185789DiVA: diva2:923877
2016-05-17, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:46 (English)
Abrahamsson, Thomas, Prof.
Anders, Eriksson, professor
QC 201604292016-04-292016-04-272016-05-09Bibliographically approved
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