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Electrification of vehicles – policy drivers and impacts in two scenarios.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2157-1083
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
2013 (English)In: Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets / [ed] Qiuwei Wu, John Wiley & Sons, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines current policy drivers of battery electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid EVs, the current and anticipated impacts on carbon emissions, as well as what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation system and market development around such vehicles in the future. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry and expert estimates of how the systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part elaborates two simple scenarios of EV development in the EU: one breakthrough expansion scenario and one incremental expansion scenario. Building on that is an analysis of the climate impacts of the two scenarios, given different assumptions relating to, for example, electricity production as well as EV penetration in the fleet. The third part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable the breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
Keyword [en]
technological innovation systems (TIS), policy, innovation, electric vehicles (EVs), scenarios, environmental impact, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland
National Category
Political Science Environmental Sciences Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185948DOI: 10.1002/9781118568040.ch1ISBN: 978-1-118-44607-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185948DiVA: diva2:924887
Projects
Norstrat
Funder
Nordic Council of Ministers
Note

QC 20160429

Available from: 2016-04-29 Created: 2016-04-29 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 30 p.
Keyword
Socio-technical system, innovation system, transition, MLP, TIS, low emission future, electric vehicles, high voltage transmission grid, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, United Kingdom
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary History of Technology Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies) Energy Systems Transport Systems and Logistics Infrastructure Engineering Economic History
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206973 (URN)978-91-7729-438-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2017-06-14, L52, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Norstrat
Funder
Nordic Council of Ministers
Note

QC 20170512

Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118568040.ch1/summary

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