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Towards a Holistic Development Approach for Adaptable Manufacturing Paradigms: A Case Study of Evolvable Production Systems
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Production Systems. SenseAir AB. (Evolvable Production Systems)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6669-8374
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increasing global competition, market uncertainties and high product variance are a few of the factors posing challenges to the existing manufacturing industry. Having a quick response to market fluctuations and adapting to changing customer demands while maintaining shorter lead times and low costs are a few of the major challenges. The main focus of this thesis is on Evolvable Production Systems, which is one of the promising solutions to deal with the emerging manufacturing challenges by changing the conventional manufacturing systems towards a more flexible, intelligent and adaptable approach.

Although promising, further research is needed in several directions for a wider industrial acceptance of EPS. The directions include but are not limited to methodological aspects, tool support, etc. throughout the development lifecycle.

This thesis aims to provide a basis for a holistic model-based development methodology for evolvable production systems. One of the main contributionsof this work is the identification of major architectural elements (i.e stakeholders,concerns, viewpoints and views) and their dependencies on each other.This work shall serve as a basis for establishing a well-defined architectural framework for EPS.

The second important contribution of this thesis is the development of a domain specific modeling language (EPS- DSL) based on the existing EPS ontology. The DSM platform does not only store the domain knowledge in the form of models but also provides support for the re-use of these models, i.e. enables utilization of the domain ontology during system development. Moreover, the automatic code generation support for the module library presented in this work, significantly reduces the risks of information discrepancies when transferring data from one abstraction level to another. The existing EPS ontology is also evaluated from a holistic perspective and resulted in contributing a few improvement suggestions for achieving a seamless model-based development approach.

Evaluation of Simulink/SimEvents as a modeling and simulation tool for EPS is the third main contribution of this thesis. One of the main advantages of evaluating this tool for EPS is the opportunity to analyze the complete system behavior on a single modeling platform. The integration of agent-based system behavior (discrete event) with dynamic system behavior (continuous & discrete time) provides a holistic modeling approach and implies less information inconsistencies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 111 p.
Keyword [en]
Evolvable Production Systems, Model-based Development, System Thinking, Viewpoints
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185956ISBN: 978-91-7595-956-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185956DiVA: diva2:924945
Presentation
2016-05-20, Sal M311, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160429

Available from: 2016-04-29 Created: 2016-04-29 Last updated: 2016-05-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Towards Life Cycle Management of Industrial Manufacturing Systems: A Systems Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Life Cycle Management of Industrial Manufacturing Systems: A Systems Perspective
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179084 (URN)
Conference
9th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon),Vancouver, BC, Canada, April 13-16, 2015
Note

QC 20151211

Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-29Bibliographically approved
2. Production System Innovation through Evolvability: Existing Challenges and Requirements
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Production System Innovation through Evolvability: Existing Challenges and Requirements
2015 (English)In: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 15, no 3, 50-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent mass-customization trends and increasing global competition has posed many challenges for the current manufacturing industry, particularly in Europe. Having a quick response to market fluctuations and adapting to customer demands while maintaining shorter lead times and low cost are a few of the major challenges. This paper focuses on Evolvable Production System (EPS), which is one of the emerging cyber physical systems in the manufacturing domain to address these challenges. The main objectives of this paper are: a) to identify the potential areas which may require modifications for the wide-scale implementation of the new manufacturing paradigms in the existing industrial setup, and b) to investigate the risks, challenges & opportunities associated with the concept realization in industry within each identified area. The results are derived based on both an extensive literature study as well as a survey carried out at an SME.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wroclaw University of Technology, 2015
Keyword
evolvable production systems, innovation, challenges
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179079 (URN)
Conference
The 4th International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing Engineering and Technologies, Wroclaw, 16-19 September, 2015
Note

QC 20151211

Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-29Bibliographically approved
3. Modeling and simulation of evolvable production systems using Simulink/SimEvents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modeling and simulation of evolvable production systems using Simulink/SimEvents
2014 (English)In: 40th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, 2591-2596 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

High automation cost is one of the major challenges to cope up with the variance in customer demands, both in terms of product diversity and quantity. Evolvable Production Systems (EPS) is one of the approaches targeting this challenge. It provides features such as self-configuration and adaptability. Although a promising approach, there is still a need for further enhancements from methodological perspective for a wider industrial acceptance. This paper mainly aims at the exploration of tools and methods for similar concepts from other engineering domains as a step towards a well-defined methodology for EPS. In particular, SimEvents is evaluated as a tool for analyzing EPS from a control viewpoint. The main contribution of this paper is guidelines for modeling an EPS using Simulink/SimEvents. These guidelines in future, can serve as a basis for a methodology incorporating automated model generation and a platform for verification and validation of different algorithms related to EPS. The work is validated and demonstrated by a preliminary case study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2014
Keyword
modeling, simulation, EPS, SimEvents
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-165575 (URN)10.1109/IECON.2014.7048871 (DOI)2-s2.0-84949927595 (Scopus ID)978-1-4799-4032-5 (ISBN)
Conference
IECON 2014, Dallas, TX, USA, October 29, November 1, 2014
Funder
VINNOVA
Note

QC 20150430. QC 20160314

Available from: 2015-04-29 Created: 2015-04-29 Last updated: 2016-04-29Bibliographically approved
4. Towards A Model-Based Development Methodology For Evolvable Production Systems: A Domain-Specific Modeling Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards A Model-Based Development Methodology For Evolvable Production Systems: A Domain-Specific Modeling Approach
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Second International Afro-European Conference for Industrial Advancement AECIA 2015.: Springer International Publishing, Springer, 2016, Vol. 427, 83-92 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Evolvable production system (EPS) is one of the most promising emerging paradigms among the next generation of production systems dealing with challenges such as market unpredictability, high product variance and increasing automation costs. One of the major challenges faced by EPS for its wider industrial realization is the harmonization of its existing research activities such as the ontology and reference architecture with the agent-based control, dynamic skill-configuration methodology and self-organization algorithms while also considering the aspects of operation management and business models. In addition, the integration with existing industrial standards, targeting aspects like functional safety, system integrity, etc. is also required. This paper addresses the challenge by providing an extendible DSM (Domain Specific Modeling) based support for modeling an EPS. The work is a basis for a model-based and architecture-centric methodology applicable throughout the development life-cycle of an EPS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179081 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-29504-6_9 (DOI)000371912400009 ()2-s2.0-84958267509 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-29503-9 (ISBN)
Conference
2nd International Afro-European Conference for Industrial Advancement, September 9-11, 2015, Villejuif, France
Note

QC 20160122

Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Rahatulain, Afifa

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