Edge states and transition to turbulence in boundary layers
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The focus of this thesis is the numerical study of subcritical transition to turbulence in boundary-layer flows. For the most part, boundary layers with uniform suction are considered. Constant homogeneous suction counteracts the spatial growth of the boundary layer, rendering the flow parallel. This enables research approaches which are not feasible in the context of spatially developing flows.
In the first part, the laminar–turbulent separatrix of the asymptotic suction boundary layer (ASBL) is investigated numerically by means of an edge-tracking algorithm. The obtained edge states experience recurrent dynamics, going through calm and bursting phases. The self-sustaining mechanism bears many similarities with the classical regeneration cycle of near-wall turbulence. The recurrent simple structure active during calm phases is compared to the nucleation of turbulence events in bypass transition originating from delocalised initial conditions. The implications on the understanding of the bypass-transition process and the edge state's role are discussed.
Based on this understanding, a model is constructed which predicts the position of the nucleation of turbulent spots during free-stream turbulence induced transition in spatially developing boundary-layer flow. This model is used together with a probabilistic cellular automaton (PCA), which captures the spatial spreading of the spots, correctly reproducing the main statistical characteristics of the transition process.
The last part of the thesis is concerned with the spatio-temporal aspects of turbulent ASBL in extended numerical domains near the onset of sustained turbulence. The different behaviour observed in ASBL, i.e. absence of sustained laminar–turbulent patterns, which have been reported in other wall-bounded flows, is associated with different character of the large-scale flow. In addition, an accurate quantitative estimate for the lowest Reynolds number with sustained turbulence is obtained
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 45 p.
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2016:08
boundary layer, transition to turbulence, direct numerical simulation, edge state, free-stream turbulence, bypass transition, probabilistic cellular automaton, turbulence at the onset, laminar–turbulent coexistence, laminarisation
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject Engineering Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-186038ISBN: 978-91-7595-977-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-186038DiVA: diva2:925008
2016-05-19, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Kerswell, Rich, Prof.
Henningson, Dan, Prof.Schlatter, Philipp, Dr.Duguet, Yohann, Dr.
QC 201604292016-04-292016-04-292016-05-03Bibliographically approved
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