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Environment, Livelihood and Natural Resource Management in the Lower Volta Basin of Ghana: Perspectives from the South Tongu District.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The Volta Basin covers most of the major food producingdistricts of Ghana. Thus said, it is considered as the foodbasket of Ghana. This perception underscores the need toprotect the basins bio-physical environment and resource base.This concern has been mirrored by several initiatives both interms of policy and planning that aim at improving themanagement of the basin’s resource base to enable itspeople depend on it in meeting their livelihoods. Like mostcommunities that lie in the lower reaches of the Volta, thepeople of the South Tongu District have been brought under theimpact of the dam. Even though no extensive study has yet beenconducted to establish the extent of the dam’s impact inthe district, it is widely believed by the locals thatlivelihoods have been impacted by environmental changes. Keycomplaints include, amongst others, tree cover depletion,decline in soil fertility, poor agricultural productivity, lowrainfall and bush fires. At the district level some steps havebeen taken in the form of projects and programmes to addresspoverty and resource management issues, while others areunderway. This study seeks to contribute to the on-goinggeneral discussion concerning poverty and environmentalmanagement in the basin by presenting some perspectives fromfour villages, namely, Torsukpo, Agbogbla, Akato and Alesikpein the South Tongu District. From two perspectives, thesecommunities are considered as homogenous: (i) they are allpredominantlyeweswith respect to ethnic composition, and (ii)subsistence farming features as a key occupation in all thecommunities. Among the range of issues identified in thedistrict, the study discusses mainly conservation (with respectto tree planting), bush fires and co-operative management. Ittreats these issues with focuses on key socio-cultural factors.In the examination of these issues institutional matters suchas tenure are seen as central players in resource managementand are thus given attention. While information gathered hereincontributes generally to deepening knowledge on the prevailingproblems, some recommendations are also offered as possiblesteps to improving resource management and livelihoods in theDistrict.

Key words:environment; natural resources; lower volta;local people; livelihood

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Mark och vatten , 2002. , viii, 28 p.
Trita-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 1003
Keyword [en]
Ghana, Environment, Natural Resources, Volta Basin
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3451ISBN: 91-7283-411-0OAI: diva2:9252
Public defence
NR 20140805Available from: 2002-12-06 Created: 2002-12-06Bibliographically approved

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