Improved NP-inapproximability for 2-variable linear equations
2015 (English)In: Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs, Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH , 2015, Vol. 40, 341-360 p.Conference paper (Refereed)Text
An instance of the 2-Lin(2) problem is a system of equations of the form "xi + xj = b (mod 2)". Given such a system in which it’s possible to satisfy all but an C ε fraction of the equations, we show it is NP-hard to satisfy all but a Cε fraction of the equations, for any C < 11/8 = 1.375 (and any 0 < ε ≤ 1/8). The previous best result, standing for over 15 years, had 5/4 in place of 11/8. Our result provides the best known NP-hardness even for the Unique-Games problem, and it also holds for the special case of Max-Cut. The precise factor 11 8 is unlikely to be best possible; we also give a conjecture concerning analysis of Boolean functions which, if true, would yield a larger hardness factor of 3/2. Our proof is by a modified gadget reduction from a pairwise-independent predicate. We also show an inherent limitation to this type of gadget reduction. In particular, any such reduction can never establish a hardness factor C greater than 2.54. Previously, no such limitation on gadget reductions was known.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH , 2015. Vol. 40, 341-360 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187142DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.341ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84958547344OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187142DiVA: diva2:929016
18th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2015, and 19th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2015; Princeton UniversityPrinceton; United States
QC 201605172016-05-172016-05-172016-05-17Bibliographically approved