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The capital constraint paradox in micro and small family and nonfamily firms
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, E-ISSN 2045-211X, Vol. 5, no 1, 38-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance of the entrepreneur’s quest for independence and control over the firm for governance and financing strategies with a special focus on family firms and how they differ from nonfamily firms. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on 1,000 telephone interviews with Swedish micro and small firms. The survey data are matched with firm-level data from the Bureau van Dijks database ORBIS. Findings – The analysis shows that independence is a prime motive for enterprises, statistically significantly more so for family owners. Family owners are more prone to use either their own savings or loans from family and are more reluctant to resort to external equity capital. Our results indicate a potential “capital constraint paradox”; there might be an abundance of external capital while firm growth is simultaneously constrained by a lack of internal funds. Research limitations/implications – The main limitation is that the study is based on cross-section data. Future studies could thus be based on longitudinal data. Practical implications – The authors argue that policy makers must recognize independence and control aversion as strong norms that guide entrepreneurial action and that micro- and small-firm growth would profit more from lower personal and corporate income taxes compared to policy schemes intended to increase the supply of external capital. Originality/value – The paper offers new insights regarding the value of independence and how it affects strategic decisions within the firm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016. Vol. 5, no 1, 38-62 p.
Keyword [en]
Family firms, Informal institutions, Ownership, Tax policy
National Category
Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187079DOI: 10.1108/JEPP-10-2015-0033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84962135382OAI: diva2:929092

QC 20160517

Available from: 2016-05-17 Created: 2016-05-17 Last updated: 2016-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Palmberg, Johanna
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