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The arterial baroreflex and inherent G tolerance
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Basic Science and Biomedicine, Environmental Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6361-8965
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Basic Science and Biomedicine, Environmental Physiology.
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of printText
Abstract [en]

Purpose: High G tolerance is based on the capacity to maintain a sufficient level of arterial pressure (AP) during G load; therefore, we hypothesized that subjects with high G tolerance (H group) would have stronger arterial baroreflex responses compared to subjects with low G tolerance (L group). The carotid baroreflex was evaluated using the neck pressure method (NP), which assesses open-loop responses. Methods: The carotid baroreflex was tested in 16 subjects, n = 8 in the H and L group, respectively, in the supine and upright posture. Heart rate and AP were measured. Results: There were no differences between groups in the maximum slopes of the carotid baroreflex curves. However, the H group had a larger systolic and mean AP (SAP, MAP) increase to the initial hypotensive stimuli of the NP sequence in the upright position compared to the L group, 7.5 ± 6.6 vs 2.0 ± 2.4 and 4.1 ± 3.4 vs 1.1 ± 1.1 mmHg for SAP and MAP, respectively. Furthermore, the L group exhibited an increased latency between stimuli and response in AP in the upright compared to supine position, 4.1 ± 1.0 vs 3.1 ± 0.9 and 4.7 ± 1.1 vs 3.6 ± 0.9 s, for SAP and MAP. No differences in chronotropic responses were observed between the groups. Conclusions: It is concluded that the capacity for reflexive vasoconstriction and maintained speed of the vascular baroreflex during orthostatic stress are coupled to a higher relaxed GOR tolerance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2016. 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Acceleration, Arterial pressure, Baroreflex, G tolerance, Posture
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187073DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3375-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187073DiVA: diva2:929197
Note

QC 20160518

Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-17 Last updated: 2016-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Sundblad, PatrikKölegård, RogerEiken, Ola
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