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Observing dynamic behavioural responses due to the extension of a tram line by using panel survey
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7124-7164
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1360-4906
2016 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 86, 78-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Using a four-wave panel survey of individuals' trips and psychological attributes collected among residents along a new tram line extension in the city of Stockholm, Sweden, this study aims to investigate factors that determine the individuals' learning and decision-making processes in using a new transport option. This includes investigating which group of travellers have used the new tram extension earlier than others, and integrated the tram extension as a part of their daily travel patterns. This paper also describes the design and construction of the four-wave panel data collection, which was collected from two weeks before and up to seven months after the opening of the new option. Descriptive analysis shows that within a seven-month period, 79% of the respondents tried the new tram extension but only 14.9% of them adopted the new option as their daily travel mode. During the observed period, about 49.3% of the respondents migrated between travel modes for non-discretionary trips. Further multivariate analysis shows that middle-income travellers and travellers who owned car(s) used the new tram extension earlier than others. The effect of past experience on the current use of the tram extension on a day-to-day basis was also examined by using a mixed logit model with panel data. The purpose of the model is to examine whether individuals' daily experiences with the new tram extension that result from repeated previous choices would affect their decisions to maintain using the new option in subsequent waves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 86, 78-95 p.
Keyword [en]
Four-wave panel survey, Individual learning processes, New tram service, Sweden, Time-scale responses
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187198DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.02.005ISI: 000374354800005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84959364517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187198DiVA: diva2:929282
Note

QC 20160518

Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2017-03-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Understanding Individuals' Learning and Decision Processes in a Changing Environment by Using Panel Data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Individuals' Learning and Decision Processes in a Changing Environment by Using Panel Data
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When a new transport service is introduced, people have to learn and familiarize themselves with the new service before they decide to adopt it. These processes are developed over time, thus produce dynamics in individuals’ behavioural responses towards the service. This affects the demand of the new service, thus affect revenues. Available studies have examined the factors influencing these responses from microeconomic perspectives. The influence of the theory-based subjective factors has not been examined empirically. Understanding these would assist transport and urban planners to design a better marketing strategy to increase the market share of the new service. A change in seasons affect individuals’ activity-travel decisions, thus produce dynamics in activitytravel patterns in different seasons. Individuals’ constraints, in a form of mandatory activities (working/studying), are influencing individuals’ decisions to participate in day-to-day nonmandatory activities (leisure and routine activities). The interdependency between travel demand, time allocation and mode choice that considers interactions between mandatory and non-mandatory activities, in different seasons is less explored. Understanding these would assist transport planners and operators to manage travel demand strategies across different seasons of the year and provide better transportation systems for all individuals. This thesis includes five papers. Paper I explores individuals’ characteristics of the quick-response and the adopters of the new public transport (PT) service and examines the temporal effects. Paper II investigates the subjective factors influencing a quick-response to the new PT service by proposing a modified attitude-behaviour framework. Paper III and IV analyse the effects of seasonal variations and individuals’ constraints on their day-to-day activity-travel decisions and patterns. Paper V analyses the attrition and fatigue in the two-week travel diary panel survey instrument.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 26 p.
Series
TRITA-TSC-PHD, 17-001
Keyword
Behavioural responses, seasons, panel data, travel diary, activity-travel pattern, theory of planned behaviour, space-time constraint, changing environment, tram, Stockholm
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Economics Applied Psychology Social Psychology
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-203985 (URN)978-91-87353-97-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-18, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170323

Available from: 2017-03-23 Created: 2017-03-23 Last updated: 2017-03-27Bibliographically approved

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