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Characterisation of stormwater in biomass-fired combined heat and power plants: Impact of biomass fuel storage
KTH. Vattenfall AB, Sweden.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3239-5188
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2016 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 170, 116-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Characteristics of stormwater in industrial areas are evaluated, specifically based on a biomass-fired combined heat and power (CHP) plant with on-site biomass fuel storage. An evaluation method is developed to combine general methodology applied for stormwater characterisation with the on-site features of the biomass-fired CHP plant. Investigations were carried out through on-site monitoring and laboratory experiments with the defined methodology. Recycled wood chips as biomass fuel currently used in Swedish biomass-fired CHP plants have been used as an example for this study. The impacts of outdoor biomass fuel storage have been analysed for both runoff water quantity and quality. The results indicate that the properties of stored biomass fuels will significantly affect the runoff quantity by its water absorption capability. The overall runoff quality is highly depended on precipitation intensity and the runoff volume from the biomass storage piles, which is influenced by the water retention capacity and leaching ability of biomass fuels. The practical data and information presented in this paper can be used to understand the principal issues and the most important factors for internal control of contamination sources in order to achieve sustainable Energy-Water systems for bioenergy conversion in biomass-fired CHP plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 170, 116-129 p.
Keyword [en]
Absorption of biomass fuels, Biomass CHP plant, Leaching of biomass fuels, Recycled wood fuels, Runoff water quantity and quality, Stormwater characterisation, Characterization, Cogeneration plants, Digital storage, Fuel storage, Fuels, Leaching, Recycling, Runoff, Storms, Water absorption, Water recycling, Wood fuels, Wood products, Biomass CHP, Biomass fuels, Recycled wood, Runoff water, Stormwaters, Biomass, Chandipura virus
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-186963DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.101ISI: 000374601400010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84959366258OAI: diva2:929925

QC 20160520

Available from: 2016-05-20 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved

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