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Phosphate effects on cadmium(II) sorption to ferrihydrite
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8771-7941
2016 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 471, 103-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Hypothesis: Phosphate influences the sorption of metals to iron (hydr)oxides. An enhanced formation of inner-sphere complexes on the (hydr)oxide surface can be attributed to electrostatic interactions and/or to changes in metal coordination on the iron (hydr)oxide surface. Phosphate was expected to increase cadmium(II) sorption on ferrihydrite. It should be possible to identify changes in cadmium(II) coordination upon phosphate addition by Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and implement the identified complexes in a surface complexation model (SCM). Experiments: The effect of phosphate addition on cadmium(II) sorption to ferrihydrite was studied by a series of batch experiments covering the pH range from 4 to 8. EXAFS spectroscopy was performed on ferrihydrite from the batch experiments at the cadmium K edge. The identified surface complexes were incorporated in the Charge distribution multisite complexation (CD-MUSIC) model, and new surface complexation constants were optimized. Findings: Without phosphate addition cadmium(II) formed inner-sphere bidentate complexes on the ferrihydrite surface. With phosphate there was an increased cadmium(II) sorption that could not be explained by electrostatic interactions alone. The enhancement was best explained by the formation of a ternary complex including cadmium(II), phosphate and ferrihydrite surface groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press Inc. , 2016. Vol. 471, 103-111 p.
Keyword [en]
Adsorption, Cadmium (Cd), Charge distribution multisite complexation (CD-MUSIC), Extended X-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS), Iron hydroxide, Iron oxide, Phosphate, Surface complex, Cadmium, Charge distribution, Coordination reactions, Electrostatics, Extended X ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, Hydraulic servomechanisms, Iron, Iron oxides, Phosphates, Sorption, X ray absorption spectroscopy, Cadmiums (Cd), Extended x-ray absorption spectroscopies, Iron hydroxides, Multi-site, Iron compounds
National Category
Chemical Engineering Geochemistry
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-186957DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2016.03.016ISI: 000374511900014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84960923174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-186957DiVA: diva2:930566
Note

QC 20160524

Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2016-06-20Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2018-03-11 08:34
Available from 2018-03-11 08:34

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Gustafsson, Jon Petter
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