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Digital Density as the Driving Force of Digital Transformation Processes
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES).
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Digital technologies have increased the influence of technology in business, even changing business models and strategies of organisations. This influence, called Digital Transformation of Business (DT), happens when there is an increase of the number of digital connections, information and interactions. This phenom-ena has been defined as Digital Density (DD) and aims to provide an assessment of the digitalization status of an organization. With the concept of DD we pro-pose the DD Framework, that has two parts: qualitative and quantitative. In order to support both parts we simulate the effect that a platform for smart-phones called Waze has on the traffic flow of a city. For the qualitative side, we redefine the concept of DD and with Business Model CANVAS we compare the changes introduced by Waze in the business model. The quantitative part of the simulation is performed with MATLAB and its goal is to understand how an agent chooses the path to drive from point A to point B. As expected, we prove that with more information agents can estimate better the costs of the different paths. Despite, even if our simulation seems to prove that the more information the agents have the better the system works, we introduce an analogy with the Braess Paradox to find potential problems and provide solutions for them. We conclude with a proposal of future work.

Abstract [sv]

Digital teknologi har ökat influensen av teknologi i affärslivet, även förändrat företagsmodeller och strategier av organisationer. Denna influens, kallad Digital Transformation av Företagande (DT), händer när det är en ökning av digitala anslutningar, information och integration. Detta fenomen har definierats som Digital Density (DD) och syftet att ge värdering av digitalisering av en organisation. Med DD konceptet föreslår vi DD Ramverk, vilket har två delar: kvalitet och kvantitet. För att stötta båda delar simulerar vi effekten som en plattform för smartphones som kallas Waze har på en trafikström i en stad. Den kvalitativ aspekten omdefinerar vi konceptet DD med CANVAS affärsmodel som i sin tur jämför ändringar introducerade av Waze. Den kvantitativa delen av simulering genomförs med MATLAB vars mål är att förstå hur en agent väljer sin väg från punkt A till B. Som förväntat, har de bevisats att med fler informations agenter kan bättra kostnadsestimeringar göras av de olika vägarna. Trots, även om våra simulationer verkar bevisa att ju mer information agenterna har, desto bättra fungerar systemet. Vi introducerar en analogi med ”The Braess Paradox” för att finna potentiella problem och erbjuda lösningar till dessa. Vi sammanfattar med ett förslag till framtida arbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 52 p.
Series
EES Examensarbete / Master Thesis, TRITA - EE 2016:069
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187713DiVA: diva2:931267
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-27 Created: 2016-05-27 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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