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Experimental investigation of debris bed agglomeration and particle size distribution using W03-ZR02 melt
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
2015 (English)In: International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics 2015, NURETH 2015, 2015, 8046-8054 p.Conference paper (Refereed)Text
Abstract [en]

Nordic BWR severe accident management strategy employs reactor cavity flooding to terminate ex-vessel accident progression. Corium melt released from the reactor pressure vessel is expected to fragment and form a porous debris bed. Success of the SAM strategy is contingent upon possibility to remove the decay heat generated in the debris bed by natural circulation of the coolant. Properties of the debris bed such as particle size, porosity and shape of the bed determine resistance for the coolant flow and thus dryout heat flux. Agglomeration of incompletely solidified debris can create additional obstacles for coolant circulation and thus reduce debris coolability margin. The goal of DEFOR (debris bed formation) experimental work is to provide data necessary for the development of analytical models and approaches for prediction of debris bed formation and agglomeration phenomena. Different corium simulant materials are used in the experiments. Liquid melt jet fragmentation and debris bed formation are considered at different conditions such as melt release (jet diameter, free fall height, etc.), melt superheat, water subcooling and water pool depth. A series of confirmatory DEFOR-A experiments has been carried out with ZrO2-WO3 simulant material. The data on particle size distribution, debris bed porosity and agglomeration is in good agreement with the previous DEFOR-S, DEFOR-A and FARO tests. On average, larger particles were obtained with ZrO2-WO3 melt than with previously used Bi2O3-WO3, size distributions for both melt simulant materials are within the ranges of size distributions observed in FARO tests. The difference between particle sizes in the tests with free falling jets was found to be insignificant. There is a tendency to form slightly larger particles only in the tests with submerged nozzles where melt is released under water with initially small jet velocity. Initial jet velocity also seems to have no visible effect on the fraction of agglomerated debris.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. 8046-8054 p.
Keyword [en]
Debris agglomeration, Melt-coolant interactions, Severe accident, Accidents, Agglomeration, Boiling water reactors, Coolants, Fighter aircraft, Heat flux, Heat resistance, Hydraulics, Light transmission, Nuclear reactor accidents, Nuclear reactors, Particle size, Particle size analysis, Porosity, Pressure vessels, Size distribution, Zirconium alloys, Debris coolability, Experimental investigations, Natural circulation, Reactor cavity flooding, Reactor Pressure Vessel, Severe accident management, Simulant materials, Debris
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187519ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84964005056ISBN: 9781510811843OAI: diva2:937025
16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2015, 30 August 2015 through 4 September 2015

QC 20160614

Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-05-25 Last updated: 2016-06-14Bibliographically approved

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Kudinov, PavelGrishchenko, DmitryKonovalenko, AlexanderKarbojian, Aram
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