A hierarchical computational thermodynamic and kinetic approach to discontinuous precipitation in the U-Nb system
2015 (English)In: PTM 2015 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2015, International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials , 2015, 887-894 p.Conference paper (Refereed)Text
U-Nb alloys decompose via discontinuous precipitation (DP) over a broad range of aging conditions, adversely affecting their properties. The growth kinetics, lamellar spacing, and Nb partitioning have been measured, but the thermodynamic and kinetic factors underlying these specific transformation characteristics and reaction paths, vis-a-vis the monotectoid reaction, are not fully resolved. In this work, a hierarchical computational thermodynamic and kinetic approach was carried out to investigate DP. The hierarchical approach started with density-functional theory (DFT) investigations of ground-state formation energies of bcc-based U-Nb alloys. The estimated energetic data was then utilized as an imposed first-principles-based constraint to improve the consistency of the CALPHAD thermodynamic and, subsequently, kinetic assessments of U-Nb. Phasefield simulations were then carried out to study DP's microstructure evolution using the assessed CALPHAD thermodynamic and kinetic representations. Good agreement with experiments on different physical/length scales was achieved, which validates the present theoretical contributions to a better understanding of DP in U-Nb alloys.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials , 2015. 887-894 p.
CALPHAD, DFT, Discontinuous precipitation, PFM, Computation theory, Density functional theory, Ground state, Growth kinetics, Kinetics, Microstructure, Niobium alloys, Precipitation (chemical), Reaction kinetics, Thermodynamics, Uranium alloys, Computational thermodynamics, Hierarchical approach, Lamellar spacing, Micro-structure evolutions, Monotectoid reactions, Phase-field simulation, Phase transitions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187529ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84962739856ISBN: 9780692437360OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187529DiVA: diva2:938019
International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2015, PTM 2015, 28 June 2015 through 3 July 2015
Qc 201606162016-06-162016-05-252016-06-16Bibliographically approved