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Assessment and Prediction of Liquefaction Potential Using Different Artificial Neural Network Models: A Case Study
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics. Islamic Azad Univ.
2016 (English)In: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, ISSN 0960-3182, E-ISSN 1573-1529, Vol. 34, no 3, 807-815 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Soil liquefaction as a transformation of granular material from solid to liquid state is a type of ground failure commonly associated with moderate to large earthquakes and refers to the loss of strength in saturated, cohesionless soils due to the build-up of pore water pressures and reduction of the effective stress during dynamic loading. In this paper, assessment and prediction of liquefaction potential of soils subjected to earthquake using two different artificial neural network models based on mechanical and geotechnical related parameters (model A) and earthquake related parameters (model B) have been proposed. In model A the depth, unit weight, SPT-N value, shear wave velocity, soil type and fine contents and in model B the depth, stress reduction factor, cyclic stress ratio, cyclic resistance ratio, pore pressure, total and effective vertical stress were considered as network inputs. Among the numerous tested models, the 6-4-4-2-1 structure correspond to model A and 7-5-4-6-1 for model B due to minimum network root mean square errors were selected as optimized network architecture models in this study. The performance of the network models were controlled approved and evaluated using several statistical criteria, regression analysis as well as detailed comparison with known accepted procedures. The results represented that the model A satisfied almost all the employed criteria and showed better performance than model B. The sensitivity analysis in this study showed that depth, shear wave velocity and SPT-N value for model A and cyclic resistance ratio, cyclic stress ratio and effective vertical stress for model B are the three most effective parameters on liquefaction potential analysis. Moreover, the calculated absolute error for model A represented better performance than model B. The reasonable agreement of network output in comparison with the results from previously accepted methods indicate satisfactory network performance for prediction of liquefaction potential analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2016. Vol. 34, no 3, 807-815 p.
Keyword [en]
Seismic site response, Artificial neural networks, Statistical criteria, Earth dam, Liquefaction analysis
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-188714DOI: 10.1007/s10706-016-0004-zISI: 000376690100004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84961144288OAI: diva2:939844

QC 20160620

Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Shahri, Abbas Abbaszadeh
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Soil and Rock Mechanics
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