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Global and Regional Patterns of Abortion Laws, Abortions and Maternal Mortality
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Globala och Regionala Mönster av Abortlagstiftning, Aborter och Mödradödlighet (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Background: Restrictions on induced abortion varies widely across the globe and so does the rate of induced abortion and maternal mortality (MM). Safe abortions – done by trained providers in hygienic settings and early medical abortions carry fewer health risks and reduce maternal mortality rates (MMR). However, nearly 7 million women in developing countries are treated for complications from unsafe abortions annually, and at least 22,000 die from abortion-related complications every year.

Aim: The aim was to explore national and regional patterns of abortion laws, the abortions percentages and the maternal mortality rates (MMR), to see if patterns could be distinguished and how they differentiate to each other.

Method: With a shape-file containing polygons representing the world’s countries, and the computer program ArcMap, was used to gather and join data.

Result: The result showed that many African countries has a restrictive abortion law, and they also have a high MMR. In the Nordic countries they have a liberalized abortion law and they have low MMR. Another finding is that a restricted abortion law does not correspond to a low percentage of abortions. This is clearly demonstrated in South America, where they have a high abortion percentage, and extremely restricted abortion laws.

Conclusion: This result revealed patterns showing that countries with restricted abortion laws, does not contribute to a low MMR, and restricted abortion law does not decrease the percentage of abortions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 34 p.
SoM EX KAND, 2016-06
Keyword [en]
Abortion, Unsafe Abortion, Maternal Mortality, Abortion Law
National Category
Human Geography Other Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-189339OAI: diva2:945811
Subject / course
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Available from: 2016-07-04 Created: 2016-07-03 Last updated: 2016-07-04Bibliographically approved

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