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Nu har du tid att studera - En studie om notifikationers påverkan på inter-time
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC).
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC).
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Time to Study - How Notifications Affect the Usage of Inter Time (English)
Abstract [sv]

Många universitetsstudenter reser kollektivt till skolan, och under sin tid i kollektivtrafiken är det många som spenderar sin tid genom att använda sin smartphone. Flera använder den då för att kolla sociala medier, lyssna på musik eller bara fördriva tid. Detta är något som är väldigt intressant då många inte inser att de har en tid här som de kan utnyttja till att få saker gjort. Därför undersöker denna studie i vilken utsträckning notifikationer i smartphones kan fungera som ett hjälpmedel för universitetsstudenter att utnyttja inter-time; tillika sin restid, på ett effektivare sätt med avseende på deras egna studier.

Studien genomfördes under en vecka och bestod av en inledande enkät, en testperiod med notifikationer, samt en avslutande enkät. Under testperioden mottog deltagarna notifikationer varje dag under fem dagar samt förde dagbok under periodens tre sista dagar. Notifikationerna var platsbaserade och innehöll en uppmaning om att studera.

Studiens resultat visade att ingen av deltagarna följde notifikationernas uppmaning. Vidare visade det sig att åsikten och upplevelsen av notifikationerna varierade brett mellan deltagarna, med enstaka svar om att notifikationerna var välskrivna, destruktiva, bra, tydliga, ensidiga, hjälpsamma, motiverande, repetitiva. Tre deltagare ansåg notifikationerna som störande. Orsakerna till detta resultat berodde till stor del att deltagarna hade olika syn på sin inter-time och vad de helst gjorde under denna tid, samt att ingen av deltagarna såg sin smartphone som ett användbart hjälpmedel i deras studier.

Vidare är slutsatsen för denna studie att för att notifikationerna ska påverka deltagarnas utnyttjande av sin inter-time behöver notifikationerna vara individuellt anpassade till varje deltagares schema samt preferenser. En annan intressant aspekt var att deltagarna inte såg sin smartphone som ett studieverktyg, trots att de var Medieteknikstudenter och alltså är vana att använda sin smartphone.

Abstract [en]

Many university students use public transport as a means to get to school, and during this time in transit a great many pass their time by using their smartphone. Most use it to check social media, listen to music or just to make time pass faster. This is something really interesting since many of these student do not realize they can use their smartphone for studying during this time in transit. For that reason, this study investigates to what extent notifications in a smartphone during these times can work as a reminder for university students to use their inter-time; their time in transit, in a more efficient manner with regards to their studies.

This study was conducted during a school week and consisted of an initial questionnaire, a test period with notifications, and lastly a conclusive questionnaire. During the test period the participants received notifications every day for five days and for the last three days of the study they also wrote a diary. The notifications were location based and encouraged the students to study.

The results of the study showed that even though none of the participants followed the suggestion to study during their inter time, the participants had both negative and positive attitudes towards the notifications as some deemed them irriating while some saw the potential but would rather have receieved a more personalized  suggestion. The reasons for these results were mainly due to the participants' different views on their inter-time and what they preferred to do during this time, furthermore, none of the participants regarded their smartphone as a useful tool to help them study.

The conclusion of this study is that in order for the notifications to influence the students' usage of their inter-time, the notifications need to be individually adapted to each student's schedule and preferences. Another interesting aspect was that the participants did not see their smartphone as a mean to study, despite the fact that they were students of Media Technology and accustomed to use their smartphone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
inter time, studying, mobile studying, notifications, smartphone
Keyword [sv]
inter-time, restid, studera, notifikationer, smartphone
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-189540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-189540DiVA: diva2:946727
Subject / course
Media Technology
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Media Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-06 Created: 2016-07-05 Last updated: 2016-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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