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Strategies for de novo DNA sequencing
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The development of improved sequencing technologies hasenabled the field of genomics to evolve. Handling andsequencing of large numbers of samples require an increasedlevel of automation in order to obtain high throughput andconsistent quality. Improved performance has lead to thesequencing of numerous microbial genomes and a few genomes fromhigher eukaryotes and the benefits of comparing sequences bothwithin and between species are now becoming apparent. Thisthesis describes both the development of automated purificationmethods for DNA, mainly sequencing products, and a comparativesequencing project.

The initially developed purification technique is dedicatedto single stranded DNA containing vector specific sequences,exemplified by sequencing products. Specific capture probescoupled to paramagnetic beads together with stabilizing modularprobes hybridize to the single stranded target. After washing,the purified DNA can be released using water. When sequencingproducts are purified they can be directly loaded onto acapillary sequencer after elution. Since this approach isspecific it can be applied to multiplex sequencing products.Different probe sets are used for each sequencing product andthe purifications are performed iteratively.

The second purification approach, which can be applied to anumber of different targets, involves biotinylated PCR productsor sequencing products that are captured using streptavidinbeads. This has been described previously, buthere theinteraction between streptavidin and biotin can be disruptedwithout denaturing the streptavidin, enabling the re-use of thebeads. The relatively mild elution conditions also enable therelease of sensitive biotinylated molecules.

Another project described in this thesis is the comparativesequencing of the 40 kbcagpathogenicity island (PAI) in fourHelicobacter pyloristrains. The results included thediscovery of a novel gene, present in approximately half of theSwedish strains tested. In addition, one of the strainscontained a major rearrangement dividing thecagPAI into two parts. Further, information about thevariability of different genes could be obtained.

Keywords:DNA sequencing, DNA purification, automation,solid-phase, streptavidin, biotin, modular probes,Helicobacter pylori,cagPAI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bioteknologi , 2003. , 72 p.
Keyword [en]
DNA sequencing, DNA purification, automation, solid-phase, streptavidin, biotin, modular probes, Helicobacter pylori, cag PAI
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3649ISBN: 91-7283-608-3OAI: diva2:9482
Public defence
NR 20140805Available from: 2003-11-19 Created: 2003-11-19Bibliographically approved

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