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Numerical and Experimental study of shock boundary layer interaction in unsteady transonic flow
KTH, Superseded Departments, Energy Technology.
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

A prerequisite for aeroelastic stability prediction inturbomachines is the understanding of the fluctuatingaerodynamic forces acting on the blades. Unsteady transonicflows are complex because of mutual interactions betweentravelling pressure waves, outlet disturbances, shock motion,and fluctuating turbulent boundary layers. Complex phenomenaappear in the shock/boundary layer region and produce phaselags and high time harmonics, which can give a significantcontribution to the overall unsteady lift and torque, andtherefore affect flutter boundaries, cause large localstresses, or even severely damage the turbomachine.

The present research work is concerned with theunderstanding of phenomena associated with travelling waves innon-uniform transonic flows and how they affect the unsteadypressure distribution on the surface as well as the far fieldradiated sound. In similitude with turbomachines potentialinteraction, the emphasis was put on the unsteady interactionof upstream propagating acoustic waves with an oscillatingshock in 2D and 3D nozzle flows. Both numerical andexperimental studies are carried out and compared with eachother.

Results shows that the unsteady pressure distribution, bothon the bump surface and within the channel, results from thesuperposition of upstream and downstream propagating waves. Itis believed that outlet pressure perturbations propagateupstream in the nozzle, interact in the high subsonic flowregion according to the acoustic blockage theory, and arepartly reflected or absorbed by the oscillating shock,depending on the frequency of the perturbations and theintensity of the SBLI. Furthermore the shock motion amplitudeis found to be related to the mean flow gradients and localwave length of the perturbations rather than to the shockboundary layer interaction. The phase angle between incomingpressure perturbations and the shock motion increases with theperturbation frequency but also depends on the intensity of theSBLI. Additionally the phase angle "shift" observed underneaththe shock location linearly increases with the perturbationfrequency and the shock strength. Such phase shift is criticalregarding aeroelastic stability and might have a significantimpact on the phase angle of the overall aerodynamic forceacting on the blade and shift the aerodynamic damping fromstable to exciting.

Keywords:Shock Boundary Layer Interaction, ShockMotion, Unsteady Flows, Nozzle Flows, Potential Interaction,Back Pressure Perturbations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Energiteknik , 2003. , xl, 458 p.
Trita-KRV, 2003-01
Keyword [en]
Shock Boundary Layer Interaction, Shock Motion, Unsteady Flows, Nozzle Flows, Potential Interaction, Back Pressure Perturbations
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3686ISBN: 91-7283-667-9OAI: diva2:9523
Public defence
NR 20140805Available from: 2004-01-22 Created: 2004-01-22Bibliographically approved

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