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Production, sorption and pathways for dissolved organic carbon flow in the Krycklan catchment.: Modelling with focus on the terrestrial forest ecosystem.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Dissolved Organic Carbon accounts for many different functions in the boreal forest ecosystem. It is the main vehicle for organic carbon transport from the litterfall to the forest soil profile and together with water drainage it can be transported to streams. In boreal forests, the DOC transport have gain attention because of recently documented rise in concentration. Several models have been proposed, first to gain understanding in the main cauces of this increase in concentration, and then to simulate the transport of DOC in the landscape.

An exploratory work was made to identify the extent of physical control and hydrological pathways for DOC discharge and the long-term biological control over DOC production, transport in the soil profile and discharge in 2 different situations. A 22-year dataset from the Krycklan Catchment site was used. Meteorological data was used as driving variables to calibrate DOC concentration and runoff in a small catchment (Site C7). The CoupModel was set up to represent the described vegetation and documented soil characterization and then calibrated to fit the measured variables. A stepwise calibration process was preferred to promote the understanding of the different components of the landscape in the organic carbon cycle.

Results point to soil heat and water transfer processes as the most relevant group to explain both water runnof and DOC discharge, with increasing relevance in the deeper layers, explaining up to 97% of short-term variability in DOC discharge for the 27-35 cm layer. Soil organic carbon pools showed to have relevance in organic carbon stock balance along the soil profile.

Conclusions state that, In concordance with other authors, there is a hydrological primary control over DOC discharge, but that soil organics and especially vegetation perform a relevant role in long-term balance of the organic carbon cycle. Further studies with this model could include time-series of atmospheric deposition of Sulphur and nitrogen and running the model in cascade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; 2016:04
Keyword [en]
Dissolved Organic Carbon, Modelling, Krycklan Catchment
National Category
Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190613OAI: diva2:952302
Subject / course
Land and Water Resources
Educational program
Degree of Master - Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Infrastructure
Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved

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