High Precision Coulometry of Commercial PAN-Based Carbon Fibers as Electrodes in Structural Batteries
2016 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 163, no 8, A1790-A1797 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Carbon fibers have the combined mechanical and electrochemical properties needed to make them particularly well suited for usage as electrodes in a structural lithium-ion battery, a material that simultaneously works as a battery and a structural composite. Presented in this paper is an evaluation of commercial polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fibers in terms of capacity and coulombic efficiency, as well as a microstructural and surface evaluation. Some polyacrylonitrile based carbon fibers intercalate lithium ions, resulting in a similar capacity as state-of-the-art graphite based electrodes, presently the most commonly used negative electrode material. Using high precision coulometry, we found a capacity of around 250-350 mAh/g and a very high coulombic efficiency of over 99.9% after ten cycles, which is even higher than a commercial state-of-the art graphitic electrode evaluated as reference. The high coulombic efficiency is attributed to the very low surface area of the carbon fibers, resulting in a small and stable solid-electrolyte interface layer. A highly graphitized ultra high modulus carbon fiber was evaluated as well and, compared to the other fibers, less lithium was inserted (corresponding to approximately 150 mAh/g). We show that the use of carbon fibers as an electrode material in a structural composite battery is indeed viable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 163, no 8, A1790-A1797 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190528DOI: 10.1149/2.0041609jesISI: 000379688000041ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978063168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-190528DiVA: diva2:952999
FunderSwedish Energy Agency, 37712-1
QC 201608162016-08-162016-08-122016-08-16Bibliographically approved