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An experimental study on hydrogen enriched gas with reduced tar formation using pre-treated olivine in dual bed steam gasification of mixed biomass compost
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
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2016 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 41, no 25, 10608-10618 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The study investigated the effects of pre-treated olivine in dual bed steam gasification (DBSG) of biomass compost in order to produce H-2 enriched synthesis gas with significantly reduced tar formation. The DBSG employed circulating fluidized bed (CFB) of silica sand as first stage and fixed catalytic bed of pre-treated olivine as second stage. The mixed biomass compost contained 15-20 wt. % of agri-residues (mainly wheat straw) and 80-85 wt. % of cow manure. The study compared the synthesis gas distribution and tar reductions using pre-treated olivine in the DBSG scheme with Ni-Al based DBSG scheme. The effects of operating condition on the synthesis gas distribution and tar formation are studied such as: (i) effect of steam to biomass ratio, (ii) effects of relative oxidation (relox), (iii) operating temperature of the reactor, (iv) performance and comparison of employed catalysts, and (v) yield of synthesis gas together with carbon conversion efficiency. Experimental analysis showed that H-2 concentration obtained from pre-treated olivine based DBSG is considerably higher than H-2 produced from compared gasification schemes. The H-2 production is favoured at higher temperatures and higher SBR under the influence of pre-treated olivine catalyst. However, the conditions are less advantageous for the production of CO and CH4. Among all experiments, the synthesis gas composition obtained at SBR = 1.40 and at 800 degrees C consisted of highest H-2 concentration (35 vol.% d.n.f) in the pre-treated olivine DBSG. Higher steam to biomass ratio (SBR) resulted in lower cold gas energy efficiency and lower heating value of the synthesis gas mainly due to large steam content in the gas. The tar removal efficiency of 98% is achieved with the pre-treated olivine DBSG system. The total tar content is significantly reduced (approximate to 40%) in the DBSG with pre-treated olivine. Higher relative oxidation resulted in increased concentration of CO2 in the synthesis gas due to increased partial oxidation of organic matter in the gasifier. The pre-treated olivine catalyst in the DBSG consistently promoted the process of steam reforming and tar cracking and thus improved the quality of the syngas by limiting the tar contents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 41, no 25, 10608-10618 p.
Keyword [en]
Dual-bed steam gasification, Tar formation, Olivine catalyst, Relative oxidation, Steam to biomass ratio
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190660DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.04.206ISI: 000379274500012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84971597836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-190660DiVA: diva2:953209
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QC 20160817

Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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