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CFD simulation of fluid flow in milliliter vials used for crystal nucleation experiments
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This work investigates the fluid flow in a cylindrical millilitre vial stirred by a magnetic stirred bar using Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD). Stirred millilitre vials are used to study nucleation phenomena and crystallization as an outline of literature study of nucleation and crystallization phenomena and the role of stirring in this process. The baffle free vial was meshed with around 500,000 cells. To simulate the stirring a rotary frame and moving walls were used. Stirring speeds were between 100 and 1000 rpm where considered, correspondently to a stirrer Reynolds number between 260 and 2600. For stirring speeds bellow 500 rpm, simulations by both the both laminar flow model and the k-ε model where run, while above 500 rpm only k-ε was used. Results of the two models were very similar indicative the adequacy of k-ε to simulate the flow even at low Reynolds. The flow shows expected circulation pattern with upwards pumping close to side walls and downwards pumping in the centre of cylindrical vial. At 1000 rpm circulation patterns expands up to the top of the vial while at 300 rpm and lower the upper half of the vial is poorly mixed. The average turbulent energy of the flow is very low comparing with the squared stirrer tip speed and the power number decrees with Reynolds number, indicating that the flow is not fully turbulent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 58 p.
Keyword [en]
Stirred tank, HPLC vial, computational fluid dynamics, Fluent, turbulence, industrial crystallization
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Pharmaceutical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190849OAI: diva2:953277
Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-17 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE)
Chemical Process EngineeringFluid Mechanics and AcousticsPharmaceutical Chemistry

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