Degradation of zinc in saline solutions, plasma, and whole blood
2016 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, E-ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 104, no 6, 1141-1151 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The initial degradation of zinc has been investigated through exposures to simulated and real body fluids of increasing complexity: phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Ringer's saline solution, human plasma, and whole blood. Real body fluids were used to close the electrolyte gap between simulated and in vivo environment. Polarization of zinc in whole blood show a passive response not present in other electrolytes. The analysis shows a decrease in corrosion rate with time for plasma and whole blood and an increase for PBS and Ringer's. During exposure to plasma and whole blood a bi-layered corrosion product with poor adherence was formed over a uniformly corroding surface. The corrosion products comprise a mixture of inorganic material and biomolecules. Samples degrading in PBS were prone to localized corrosion and formed thick porous corrosion products of primarily zinc phosphates while in Ringer's solution a gel like layer of zinc carbonate was formed over an interface with shallow pits. The use of whole blood or plasma as electrolytes for short term in vitro evaluation of potential biodegradable metals may provide an improved understanding of the behavior in vivo, while Ringer's solution is preferred over PBS for long term degradation studies of zinc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016. Vol. 104, no 6, 1141-1151 p.
zinc, biodegradable, corrosion, blood, electrochemistry
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190549DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.33458ISI: 000380032300010PubMedID: 26061136ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978640711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-190549DiVA: diva2:953469
QC 201608172016-08-172016-08-122016-09-16Bibliographically approved