Impact of material migration on plasma-facing components in tokamaks
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Plasma-wall interaction plays an essential role in the performance and safety of a fusion reactor. This thesis focuses on the impact of material migration on plasma-facing components. It is based on experiments performed in tokamaks: JET, TEXTOR and ASDEX Upgrade. The objectives of the experiments were to assess fuel and impurity removal under ion cyclotron wall conditioning (ICWC) and plasma impact on diagnostic mirrors.
In wall conditioning studies, tracer techniques based on the injection of rare isotopes (15N, 18O) were used to determine conclusively the impact of the respective gases. For the first time, probe surfaces and wall components exposed to ICWC were examined by surface analysis methods. Discharges in hydrogen were the most efficient to erode carbon co-deposits, resulting in a reduction of the initial deuterium content by a factor of two. It was also found that impurities desorbed under ICWC are partly re-deposited on the wall.
Plasma impact on diagnostic mirrors was determined by surface analysis of test mirrors exposed at JET. Reflectivity of mirrors from the divertor region was severely decreased due to deposits of beryllium, deuterium, carbon and other impurities. This result points out the need to develop mirror maintenance procedures. Neutron damage on mirrors was simulated by ion irradiation in an ion implanter. It was shown that damage levels similar to those expected in the first wall of a fusion reactor do not produce a significant change in reflectivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 54 p.
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146
Fusion, material migration, wall conditioning, diagnostic mirrors, plasma-facing materials
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190903ISBN: 978-91-7729-046-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-190903DiVA: diva2:953669
2016-09-15, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Mazon, Didier, Dr.
Rubel, Marek, Professor
QC 201608192016-08-192016-08-182016-08-19Bibliographically approved
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