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Some Aspects of Interfacial Phenomena in Steelmaking and Refining
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2016 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 47, no 4, 2107-2113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Unique experiments were designed to study the surface phenomena in steelmaking reactions. The concept of surface sulfide capacities and an understanding of the surface accumulation of surface-active species, based on experimental results, are presented. In order to understand the flow phenomenon at slag/metal interface, experiments were designed to measure the interfacial velocity of S on the surface of an iron drop immersed in an aluminosilicate slag using the X-ray sessile drop method. The oscillation of the iron drop in the slag due to the change in the surface concentration of sulfur at the slag-metal interface was monitored by X-ray imaging. From the observations, the interfacial velocity of sulfur was evaluated. Similar experiments were performed to measure the interfacial velocity of oxygen at the interface as well as the impact of oxygen potential on the interfacial velocity of sulfur. The interfacial shear viscosity and the dilatational modulus were also evaluated. In a study of the wetting of alumina base by iron drop at constant oxygen pressure under isothermal condition, the contact angle was found to be decreased with the progress of the reaction leading to the formation of hercynite as an intermediate layer creating non-wetting conditions. In the case of silica substrate, an intermediate liquid fayalite layer was formed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 47, no 4, 2107-2113 p.
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Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190483DOI: 10.1007/s11663-016-0631-zISI: 000379510000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84961116475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-190483DiVA: diva2:954476
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QC 20160822

Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2016-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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