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Industrial symbiosis: Canvas business model between a recycling company, an energy company and a real estate manager
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Industrial symbiosis involves cooperation by exchanges of resources between companies, and furthermore develops regional competitiveness and increase new business opportunities. To consider the definition of industrial symbiosis within a company, and allow innovations in circular economy and resource usage, creates opportunities for a company to grow businesses by reaching economic development and increased efficiency.

The research questions investigate how a business model develops cooperation between a recycling company, an energy company and a real estate manager, in manner of connections between relevant businesses in industrial symbiosis. A case study with the three companies Ragn-Sells, E.ON and Vaderholmen AB is accomplished, with divisions of six responsibility roles to maintain cooperation in development of industrial symbiosis between the three companies in Broporten, Upplands-Bro. Broporten is a projected area in Upplands-Bro and this report is made as a step to implement industrial symbiosis in the area. The result shows that cooperation between three main partners; recycling company, energy company and real estate company, leads to an effective implementation of industrial symbiosis since the individual core businesses have useful supplement. The industrial symbiosis in Broporten can be developed and maintained by the three cooperating companies Ragn-Sells, E.ON and Vaderholmen AB by using a canvas business model supporting the cooperation. Different scenarios show how responsibility roles can be divided between the three key partners and depends on decision of chosen scenario. The most successful scenario is when Vaderholmen AB is Park coordinator, because Park coordinator is close to Vaderholmen AB’s core business. Network coordinator is suitable for both Ragn-Sells and E.ON since they already are involved in geopolitical framework. It results in following division;

• Ragn-Sells as Recycling company, Knowledge company and Network coordinator

• E.ON as Infrastructure company, Process industry company and Network coordinator

• Vaderholmen AB as Park coordinator

The role as network coordinator should only correspond to one Key Partner.

Potential businesses for implementation of industrial symbiosis in Broporten are a cluster with greenhouse, slaughterhouse, dairy, bakery and brewery, beneficently located close to a combined heat and power plant (CHP plant). The total maximum margin of yearly output of district heating from the CHP plant to the five priority industries demand are 3.6%, and 11% for electricity.

The total maximum margin of yearly output of organic fertilizer from the biogas plant to the five priority industries demand are 0.4%. The total maximum margin of yearly input of biological waste from the five priority industries to the biogas plant is 4.1%. It leads to questions regarding the relevance of E.ON’s biogas in Broporten. Potential dimensions suitable for Broporten are 5000 m2 for greenhouse, 5000 m2 for slaughterhouse, 40,000 m2 for dairy, 15,000 m2 for bakery and 10,000 m2 for brewery.

Abstract [sv]

Begreppet industriell symbios innefattar floden av resurser i form av energi och material mellan industrier, skapat genom fungerande samarbeten. Att applicera cirkulara resursfloden och cirkular ekonomi inom en organisation ger mojlighet till regional konkurrenskraft med potential for effektivitet och ekonomisk tillvaxt, tillsammans med hallbarhet inom sociala och ekologiska faktorer.

Fragestallningen undersoker hur en affarsmodell kan utvecklas for att understodja ett samarbete mellan ett atervinningsforetag, ett energiforetag och en fastighetsagare rorande utvecklingen av industriell symbios. En fallstudie ar gjord specifikt for de tre foretagen Ragn-Sells, E.ON och Vaderholmen AB. Sex olika ansvarsroller ar specificerade och uppdelade mellan de tre samarbetspartners for att vidare skapa en effektiv implementering av industriell symbios i Broporten, Upplands-Bro. Broporten ar en projekterad area i Upplands-Bro och denna rapport ar avsedd att vagleda implementering av industriell symbios pa omradet. Olika scenario beskriver hur ansvarsfordelningen kan utformas mellan de tre huvudparterna. Den mest effektiva uppdelningen uppkommer fran scenario 1, eftersom parkkoordinator ar snarlik Vaderholmen ABs karnverksamhet. Natverkskoordinator ar en passande roll for bade Ragn-Sells och E.ON, eftersom de redan ar involverade inom geopolitiska omraden. Foljande uppdelning ar rekommenderad:

• Ragn-Sells som Atervinningsforetag, Kunskapsforetag och Natverkskoordinator

• E.ON som Infrastrukturforetag, processindustriforetag och Natverkskoordinator

• Vaderholmen AB som Parkkoordinator

Natverkskoordinator ska endast tillfalla en av huvudparterna.

Resultatet visar att ett samarbete mellan tre generella huvudparter; ett atervinningsforetag, ett energiforetag och en fastighetsagare, leder till en effektiv implementering av industriell symbios eftersom deras karnverksamheter kompletterar varandra effektivt rorande industriell symbios.

Industriell symbios i Broporten kan skapas genom ett samarbete mellan Ragn-Sells, E.ON och Vaderholmen AB baserat pa en gemensam affarsmodell Canvas. Industrier med potential att inforas i Broporten ar vaxthus, slakthus, mejeri, bageri och bryggeri, vilka med fordel placeras i narheten av ett kraftvarmeverk. Ju fler relevanta energi- och materialfloden mellan industrier, desto battre anpassning for industriell symbios.

Maximal mangd biologiskt avfall fran de fem prioriterade industrierna och vidare anvant i biogasanlaggningen produktion ar 4.1 %. De anvander 0.4 % av producerat biogodsel fran biogasanlaggningen, 3.6 % av producerat fjarrvarme och 11 % av producerad elektricitet fran kraftvarmeverket. Detta leder till fragetecken rorande huruvida E.ONs biogasanlaggning ar en relevant investering i Broporten. Berakningar av massfloden mellan de prioriterade industrierna i Broporten pavisar en dimensionering av industrierna till 5000 m2 for vaxthus, 5000 m2 for slakthus, 40,000 m2 for mejeri, 15,000 m2 for bageri och 10,000 m2 for bryggeri.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 90 p.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191321OAI: diva2:956042
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-29 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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