Ultrasonic Enrichment of Microparticles in Bioaffinity Assays
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
This Thesis describes applications of standing-waveultrasonic traps for sensitive biomedical analysis. Two majorapproaches have been investigated where functionalizedmicroparticles are employed in bioaffinity assays. In the firstapproach, a longitudinal flow-through capillary ultrasonic trapis used for size selective separation and retention ofdifferently sized microparticles. This device may be used fordetection of particle pairs, which are formed during theinitial stage of microparticle immunoagglutination. Theperformance of the capillary ultrasonic trap for enrichment andcounting of particle pairs is characterized by a model systemof differently sized homogeneous fluorescent microparticles.The selectivity of this detection method relies on thecharacteristics of the force field inside the narrow borecapillary, which is formed by the competition between acousticradiation forces and viscous drag forces from the fluidflow.
The second approach is an investigation of the potential forsensitive protein quantification by combining ultrasonicenrichment and confocal laser-scanning fluore-scence detection.Here, the design of the ultrasonic trap is tailor-made for theimaging properties of a confocal microscope, resulting inrearrangement and concentration of suspended microparticlesinto single, dense layers that is scanned by a focused laserbeam. The bioaffinity assay employed is based on detecting thetarget molecules via fluorescent tracer antibodies immobilizedon the surface of each single particle.
The final part of the work presented in this Thesis is athorough investigation of both the biochemical and the physicalproperties that determine the performance and potentialsensitivity of the particle doublet assay. In thisinvestigation, a novel approach is presented for doubletdetection, namely fluorescence-microscopy-based classificationof doublets and singlets by a pattern recognition algorithm.The experimental results are also compared with the resultsfrom flow cytometry analysis. Furthermore, the initial stage ofimmuno-agglutination is theoretically investigated by a modelbased on diffusion-limited agglutination combined with a stericfactor determined by the geometry of the bio-molecules and theamount of specific and non-specific binding that is present inthe particular assay.
To conclude, the Thesis presents several approaches wherestanding-wave ultrasonic fields may be used for sensitiveparticle-based biomedical analysis. The best prospect for highsensitivity was found for the confocal laser-scanningfluorescence detection system, with a detection limit of theorder of 10-14M. On the other hand, the agglutination-basedassay may give sensitivity of the order of 10-11-10-10M with very simple and inexpensiveequipment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fysik , 2004. , xiv, 79 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2004:14
analytical chemistry, biochemistry, acoustics, biomedical engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3729ISBN: 91-7283-723-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3729DiVA: diva2:9570