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Mechanical Behaviour of Gas Turbine Coatings
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Coatings are frequently applied on gas turbine components inorder to restrict surface degradation such as corrosion andoxidation of the structural material or to thermally insulatethe structural material against the hot environment, therebyincreasing the efficiency of the turbine. However, in order toobtain accurate lifetime expectancies and performance of thecoatings system it is necessary to have a reliableunderstanding of the mechanical properties and failuremechanisms of the coatings.

In this thesis, mechanical and fracture behaviour have beenstudied for a NiAl coating applied by a pack cementationprocess, an air-plasma sprayed NiCoCrAlY bondcoat, a vacuumplasma-sprayed NiCrAlY bondcoat and an air plasma-sprayed ZrO2+ 6-8 % Y2O3topcoat. The mechanical tests were carried out ata temperature interval between room temperature and 860oC.Small punch tests and spherical indentation were the testmethods applied for this purpose, in which existing bending andindentation theory were adopted for interpretation of the testresults. Efforts were made to validate the test methods toensure their relevance for coating property measurements. Itwas found that the combination of these two methods givescapability to predict the temperature dependence of severalrelevant mechanical properties of gas turbine coatings, forexample the hardness, elastic modulus, yield strength, fracturestrength, flow stress-strain behaviour and ductility.Furthermore, the plasma-sprayed coatings were tested in bothas-coated and heat-treated condition, which revealedsignificant difference in properties. Microstructuralexamination of the bondcoats showed that oxidation with loss ofaluminium plays an important role in the coating degradationand for the property changes in the coatings.

Keywords:small punch test, miniaturised disc bendingtests, spherical indentation, coatings, NiAl, APS-NiCoCrAlY,VPS-NiCrAlY, mechanical properties

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Materialvetenskap , 2004. , iv, 64 p.
Keyword [en]
thermal barrier coatings, TBC, small punch test, miniaturised disc bending test, mdbt, spherical indentation, gas turbine coatings, NiAl, NiCoCrAlY, NiCrAlY, mechanical properties
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3776ISBN: 91-7283-786-1OAI: diva2:9627
Public defence
2004-06-03, 00:00
Available from: 2004-06-02 Created: 2004-06-02 Last updated: 2012-03-20

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