Simulating the effective electric conductivity of polymer composites with high aspect ratio fillers
2016 (English)In: Composites Science And Technology, ISSN 0266-3538, E-ISSN 1879-1050, Vol. 132, 16-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three simulation models have been developed for predicting the electrical conductivity and the electrical percolation threshold of field-grading polymer composites intended for high voltage applications. The three models are based on finite element modelling (FEM), percolation threshold modelling (PTM) and electrical networks modelling (ENM). A Monte Carlo algorithm was used to construct the geometries, with either soft-core (overlapping) or hard-core/soft-shell (non-overlapping) fibres. Conductivity measurements on carbon-fibre/PMMA composites with well-defined fibre aspect ratios were used for experimental validation. The average fibre orientations were calculated from scanning electron micrographs. The soft-core PTM model with experimental fibre orientations and without adjustable parameters gave accurate (R-2 = 0.984) predictions of the electrical percolation threshold as a function of aspect ratio. The corresponding soft-core ENM model, with close-contact conductivity calculated with FEM, resulted in good conductivity predictions for the longest fibres, still without the use of any adjustable parameters. The hard-core/soft-shell versions of the models, using the shell thickness as an adjustable parameter, gave similar but slightly poorer results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 132, 16-23 p.
Composites, Carbon-fibre, Field-grading, Simulation, Electrical conductivity
Composite Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192391DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.06.008ISI: 000381653300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84975824529OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-192391DiVA: diva2:968777
FunderSwedish Research Council, 6213
QC 201609122016-09-122016-09-122016-09-12Bibliographically approved