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Expanding on Wabi-Sabi as a Design Resource in HCI
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. (Mobile Life)
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. (Mobile Life)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3972-9689
2015 (English)In: 34TH ANNUAL CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, CHI 2016, ACM Digital Library, 2015, 5970-5983 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The material foundations of computer systems and interactive technology is a topic that gained an increased interest within the HCI community during the last years. In this paper we discuss this topic through the Japanese concept of Wabi-Sabi, a philosophy that embraces three basic realities of the material world: 'nothing lasts', 'nothing is finished', and 'nothing is perfect'. We use these concepts to reflect on four unique interactive artefacts, which all in different ways embrace aspects of Wabi-Sabi, in terms of their design gestalt, materiality, but also in terms of use practices. Further, we use our analysis to articulate three high-level principles that may help addressing the long-term realities faced in physical interaction design, and for the design of interactive systems in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015. 5970-5983 p.
Keyword [en]
Interaction design, impermanence, incompleteness, imperfection, Wabi-Sabi, materiality, design practice
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192800DOI: 10.1145/2858036.2858459ISI: 000380532905084ISBN: 978-1-4503-3362-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-192800DiVA: diva2:974491
Conference
34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI4GOOD), MAY 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA
Note

QC 20160926

Available from: 2016-09-26 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Making Preciousness: Interaction Design Through Studio Crafts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making Preciousness: Interaction Design Through Studio Crafts
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation explores value-creation in interaction design through practical collaborations with studio craftspersons. A focus is on the meaning of “preciousness” from a design perspective – what I refer to as Making Preciousness –  which highlights aspects of material properties, design processes, and the attitude to the design space. Theoretically, the work takes inspiration from the Japanese philosophy of Wabi-Sabi, which is based on the fact that things are impermanent, incomplete, and imperfect. This reflects a view of preciousness beyond notions of practical use, luxury or monetary cost. In addition to theoretical studies, I engaged in practice-based research at the intersection of interaction design and studio crafts, in the domains of leather, silversmith and textile crafting. Through an approach that blends these practices with the making of interactive artefacts, preciousness for interaction design was explored.

Through this work, I extract three qualities, all of which are closely linked to attributes and values ​​embedded in the craft practices examined. I refer to these as resourceful composition, material sensuality and the aiming for mattering artefacts. Resourceful composition refers to approaching a design space “resourcefully”, meaning that the designer actively values and uses the specific qualities of materials and tools consciously, for what they are suitable for. Material sensuality is about appreciating the sensory experience of interacting with materials, arriving through particular material qualities, such as texture, temperature or smell, but also interactive qualities. Aiming for mattering artefacts involves actively designing for impermanence, incompleteness and imperfection, and through that contributing to notions of preciousness through use, care, ownership and interaction between users and artefacts over time.

The attitude of making preciousness can be seen as tying together materials and making with user experiences of computational artefacts. For interaction design, this points towards making processes in which computation and material knowledge, craftsmanship and aesthetic intentions are placed at the core. These values ​​relate to cultural, but also sensual experiences, which can be seen as under-explored in the design of interactive products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 153 p.
Series
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 26
Keyword
Interaction design, materials, making preciousness, studio crafts, resourceful composition, material sensuality, mattering artefacts, impermanence, incompleteness, imperfection
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-219765 (URN)978-91-7729-630-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-01-26, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20171213

Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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