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Advanced hybrid manufacturing process for high precision ring of a planetary gear – main focus on Abrasive Waterjet Machining
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Under år 2008 uppskattades den totala produktionen av kugghjul inom bilindustrin till 2000 – 2500 miljoner detaljer, varav 1000 - 1400 miljoner av dessa är av hög kvalité [1]. För precisionskugghjul med modul under 1 mm kan tidsbegränsning och kostnader kopplade till design av skärverktyget elimineras genom att tillämpa en flexibel tillverkningsmetod som tillexempel abrasiv vattenskärning (AWJM). Denna studie undersöker designen av ett hybridtillverkningssystem konfigurerat kring AWJM samt föreslår finbearbetningsprocess via konventionella bearbetningsmetoder. Den tekniska möjligheten att producera kuggring av hög precision testas med en 5-axlig vattenjetmaskin och utvärderas enligt kvalitets nivåer för DIN-standard. För detta ändamål studerades ett kugghjul med modul 0,55 mm, 199 tänder, 110 mm i ytterdiameter och 72 mm i innerdiameter samt en tjocklek på 6 mm gjord av Armox T500, höghållfast stål. Resultaten visar på hög potential att uppnå ISO standardkvalité för kugghjul. Vissa kvalitetsegenskaper, definierade i DIN- och ISO-standarder, till exempel ytfinhet med låga värden; Ra 0,8 μm, uppnås vid användning av AWJM. Andra kvalitetskännetecken som profilavvikelse är relaterade till parametrar som skäreffekt, matningshastighet, mängd abrasivmedel, etc. Framtagna värden sträcker sig från Q10 och Q11 enligt DIN3967 vilket möjliggör slutoperationer som till exempel slipning. Geometrisk avvikelse, på ovansidan, gav en maximalt värde på 7 μm med en standardavvikelse på 4 μm. Jetstrålens eftersläpning observerades och kan kompenseras för medan resultatet av rundade hörn existerar i alla skärning med AWJ. Radiell förskjutning, tandtjocklek och index avvikelser visar värden som kan förbättras tillsammans med processoptimering, maskinkalibrering och eliminering av inneboende positionsavvikelser i maskinen. Varje enskild geometri kräver specifika processparametrar och CAM-programmens algoritmer behöver vidare optimeras för arbeten med tämligen små geometrier.

Abstract [en]

Production of gears for the automotive industry during 2008 is estimated to have been between 2000 – 2500 million pieces, from which 1000 to 1400 million pieces were high quality gears [1]. For precision gears with module below 1 mm, the time limitations and costs associated with the design of the cutting tool can be eliminated by using a flexible manufacturing technology such as Abrasive WaterJet Machining (AWJM). This project investigates the design of a hybrid manufacturing system configured by use of AWJM and proposed finishing processes using conventional machining methods. The technical feasibility is analysed to produce high precision ring gears using a 5-axes AWJM system to achieve DIN standards quality levels. For this purpose, a gear with a module of 0.55 mm, 199 teeth and 110 mm in the outer diameter and 130 teeth and 72 mm in the inner diameter with a thickness of 6 mm is studied; the selected material is Armox T500, a high strength steel. The results indicate high potential of producing ISO quality standard gears. Certain quality characteristics defined in DIN and ISO standards, for instance surface roughness – values as low as Ra 0.8 μm, are possible to achieve accurately by using AWJM. Others quality features as profile deviation, are related to parameters as cutting power, feed rate, abrasive feed rate, etc. The displayed values ranged Q10 and Q11 according to DIN3967 which allows for use of further finishing operations such as grinding. The top geometry deviations of a 0.3 mm cut, display a maximum value of 7 μm with an average value of 4 μm. Observed jet lag effects can be improved. Rounded corner effect exists in all AWJ cuts. Runout, tooth thickness and index deviations show values that can be improved together with process optimization, machine calibration and elimination of machine inherent positioning deviations. Each particular geometry needs specific process parameters and CAM software algorithms need further optimization for working with rather small design geometries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 74 p.
Series
Degree Project in Production Engineering Management, 689
Keyword [en]
Abrasive waterjet machining, AWJM, precision gear, gear manufacturing, Hybrid manufacturing
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-193043DiVA: diva2:974596
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2016-09-27Bibliographically approved

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