Thermal Diffusivity Measurements of some Industrially Important Alloys by a Laser Flash Method
2007 (English)In: International journal of materials reseach, ISSN 1862-5282, Vol. 98, no 6, 535-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present work, thermal diffusivity measurements of three industrially significant alloys, viz. 90Ti.6Al.4V, stainless steel with 25Cr and 6Ni as well as plain carbon steel with 0.7 % carbon have been carried out as a function of temperature. The aim of this work is to study the effect of temperature and microstructure on the thermal diffusivities of these alloys. For the 90Ti.6Al.4V alloy, thermal diffusivity increases with temperature below 1225 K. Above this temperature, the values started decreasing probably due to the dissolution of Ti3Al intermediate phase in the matrix, which would result in an increase in the disorder of the structure. For 25Cr: 6Ni stainless steel, the thermal diffusivity is nearly constant up to about 700 K. Above this, there is an increase in the thermal diffusivities with temperature during the heating cycle, which was reproducible during thermal cycling. On the other hand, the slope of the curve increases above 950 K.
In the case of the 0.7 % carbon steel, the thermal diffusivity shows a decreasing trend with temperature below the Curie point for the alloy, where the alloy consists of bcc + fcc phases. Above this point, only the fcc phase is prevalent and the thermal diffusivity was found to increase with temperature. Heat transfer is carried out by lattice vibration (phonons) as well as electrons. The contribution of electrons varies depending upon the type of alloy. In this study, the highest electron contribution was found in 0.7 % carbon steel, while the lowest was in stainless steel. The thermal conductivity values of these alloys are in good agreement with the calculated values using the model proposed by Mills.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 98, no 6, 535-540 p.
thermal diffusivity; thermal conductivity; temperature dependence; phonon; electron contribution
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5404ISI: 000247623300014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34347256339OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5404DiVA: diva2:9763
QC 201006292006-03-032006-03-032012-02-14Bibliographically approved