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2016 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 826, no 1, 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the Fermi Large Area Telescope detection of extended gamma-ray emission from the lobes of the radio galaxy Fornax. A using 6.1 years of Pass. 8 data. After Centaurus. A, this is now the second example of an extended gamma-ray source attributed to a radio galaxy. Both an extended flat disk morphology and a morphology following the extended radio lobes were preferred over a point-source description, and the core contribution was constrained to be < 14% of the total gamma-ray flux. A preferred alignment of the gamma-ray elongation with the radio lobes was demonstrated by rotating the radio lobes template. We found no significant evidence for variability on similar to 0.5 year timescales. Taken together, these results strongly suggest a lobe origin for the gamma-rays. With the extended nature of the > 100 MeV gamma-ray emission established, we model the source broadband emission considering currently available total lobe radio and millimeter flux measurements, as well as X-ray detections attributed to inverse Compton (IC) emission off the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Unlike the Centaurus. A case, we find that a leptonic model involving IC scattering of CMB and extragalactic background light (EBL) photons underpredicts the gamma-ray fluxes by factors of about similar to 2-3, depending on the EBL model adopted. An additional gamma-ray spectral component is thus required, and could be due to hadronic emission arising from proton-proton collisions of cosmic rays with thermal plasma within the radio lobes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2016. Vol. 826, no 1, 1
Keyword [en]
galaxies: active, galaxies: individual (Fornax A), galaxies: jets, gamma rays: galaxies, radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192747DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/1ISI: 000381962200001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84979233553OAI: diva2:977259

QC 20160929

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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