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Feedback stabilization of resistive wall modes in a reversed-field pinch
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5259-0458
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
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2005 (English)In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, E-ISSN 1089-7674, Vol. 12, no 9, 092508- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An array of saddle coils having Nc =16 equally spaced positions along the toroidal direction has been installed for feedback control of resistive wall modes (RWMs) on the EXTRAP T2R reversed-field pinch [P. R. Brunsell, H. Bergsaker, M. Cecconello, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 43, 1457 (2001)]. Using feedback, multiple nonresonant RWMs are simultaneously suppressed for three to four wall times. Feedback stabilization of RWMs results in a significant prolongation of the discharge duration. This is linked to a better sustainment of the plasma and tearing mode toroidal rotation with feedback. Due to the limited number of coils in the toroidal direction, pairs of modes with toroidal mode numbers n, n′ that fulfill the condition ∫n- n′ ∫ = Nc are coupled by the feedback action from the discrete coil array. With only one unstable mode in a pair of coupled modes, the suppression of the unstable mode is successful. If two modes are unstable in a coupled pair, two possibilities exist: partial suppression of both modes or, alternatively, complete stabilization of one target mode while the other is left unstable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 12, no 9, 092508- p.
Keyword [en]
Feedback, Feedback control, Plasmas, Resonance, Stability
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5427DOI: 10.1063/1.2048168ISI: 000232109000038Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-27444433256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5427DiVA: diva2:9789
Note
QC 20100915Available from: 2006-03-08 Created: 2006-03-08 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Resistive Wall Mode Stability and Control in the Reversed Field Pinch
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resistive Wall Mode Stability and Control in the Reversed Field Pinch
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Control of MHD instabilities using a conducting wall together with external magnetic fields is an important route to improved performance and reliability in fusion devices. Active control of MHD modes is of interest for both the Advanced Tokamak and the Reversed Field Pinch (RFP) configurations. A wide range of unstable, current driven MHD modes is present in the RFP. An ideally conducting wall facing the plasma can in principle provide stabilization to these modes. However, a real, resistive wall characterized by a wall field diffusion time, cannot stabilize the ideal MHD modes unless they rotate with Alfvénic velocity, which is usually not the case. With a resistive wall, the ideal modes are converted into resistive wall modes (RWM) with growth rates comparable to the inverse wall time. Resistive wall modes have been studied in the EXTRAP T2R thin shell RFP device. Growth rates have been measured and found in agreement with linear MHD stability calculations. An advanced system for active control has been developed and installed on the EXTRAP T2R device. The system includes an array of 128 active saddle coils, fully covering the torus surface. Experiments on EXTRAP T2R have for the first time demonstrated simultaneous active suppression of multiple independent RWMs. In experiments with a partial array, coupling of different modes due to the limited number of feedback coils has been observed, in agreement with theory. Different feedback strategies, such as the intelligent shell, the rotating shell, and mode control have been studied. Further, feedback operation with different types of magnetic field sensors, measuring either the radial or the toroidal field components have been compared

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. viii, 46 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2006:005
Keyword
Resistive wall modes, RWM, active control, feedback, MHD modes, Reversed-Field pinch, RFP, intelligent shell, mode control
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3867 (URN)91-7178-285-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-03-17, H1, Teknikringen 33, Stockholm, 10:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100929Available from: 2006-03-08 Created: 2006-03-08 Last updated: 2010-09-29Bibliographically approved

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